Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems

Global warming, shortage of low-cost oil resources and the increasing demand for energy are currently controlling the world's economic expansion while often opposing desires for sustainable and peaceful development. In this context, atomic energy satisfactorily fulfills the criteria of low carbon gas production and high overall yield. However, in the absence of industrial fast-breeders the use of nuclear fuel is not optimal, and the production of high activity waste materials is at a maximum. These are the principal reasons for the development of a new, fourth generation of nuclear reactors, minimizing the undesirable side-effects of current nuclear energy production technology while increasing yields by increasing operation temperatures and opening the way for the industrial production of hydrogen through the decomposition of water. The construction and use of such reactors is hindered by several factors, including performance limitations of known structural materials, particularly if the life of the projected systems had to extend over the periods necessary to achieve low costs (at least 60 years). This book collects lectures and seminars presented at the homonymous NATO ASI held in autumn 2007 at the Institut d’Etudes Scientifiques in Cargèse, France. The adopted approach aims at improving and coordinating basic knowledge in materials science and engineering with specific areas of condensed matter physics, the physics of particle/matter interaction and of radiation damage. It is our belief that this methodology is crucially conditioning the development and the industrial production of new structural materials capable of coping with the requirements of these future reactors.

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  • Author : Véronique Ghetta
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 586 pages
  • ISBN : 1402084226
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKMaterials Issues for Generation IV Systems

Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems

Materials Issues for Generation IV Systems
  • Author : Véronique Ghetta,Dominique Gorse,Dominique Mazière,Vassilis Pontikis
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 23 April 2008
GET THIS BOOKMaterials Issues for Generation IV Systems

Global warming, shortage of low-cost oil resources and the increasing demand for energy are currently controlling the world's economic expansion while often opposing desires for sustainable and peaceful development. In this context, atomic energy satisfactorily fulfills the criteria of low carbon gas production and high overall yield. However, in the absence of industrial fast-breeders the use of nuclear fuel is not optimal, and the production of high activity waste materials is at a maximum. These are the principal reasons for

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy
  • Author : Thomas James Dolan
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 08 June 2017
GET THIS BOOKMolten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry
  • Author : Markus H.A. Piro
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 20 March 2020
GET THIS BOOKAdvances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry

Advances in Nuclear Fuel Chemistry presents a high-level description of nuclear fuel chemistry based on the most recent research and advances. Dr. Markus H.A. Piro and his team of global, expert contributors cover all aspects of both the conventional uranium-based nuclear fuel cycle and non-conventional fuel cycles, including mining, refining, fabrication, and long-term storage, as well as emerging nuclear technologies, such as accident tolerant fuels and molten salt materials. Aimed at graduate students, researchers, academics and practicing engineers and

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment
  • Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 15 June 2019
GET THIS BOOKAdvances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts
  • Author : Ramana Reddy,Pinakin Chaubal,P. Chris Pistorius,Uday Pal
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 10 January 2017
GET THIS BOOKAdvances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts

This collection focuses on ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy where ionic melts, slags, fluxes, or salts play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide. Technical topics included are: thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams and kinetics of slags, fluxes, and salts; physical properties of slags, fluxes, and salts; structural studies of slags; interfacial and process phenomena involving foaming, bubble formation, and drainage; slag recycling, refractory erosion/corrosion, and freeze linings; and recycling and utilization of metallurgical slags and models and their

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Pascal Yvon
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 27 August 2016
GET THIS BOOKStructural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems
  • Author : Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 28 October 2020
GET THIS BOOKAdvances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems, 2nd edition, presents a fully updated comprehensive analysis of thermal energy storage systems (TES) including all major advances and developments since the first edition published. This very successful publication provides readers with all the information related to TES in one resource, along with a variety of applications across the energy/power and construction sectors, as well as, new to this edition, the transport industry. After an introduction to TES systems, editor Dr. Prof. Luisa

Molten Salts Chemistry

Molten Salts Chemistry
  • Author : Frederic Lantelme,Henri Groult
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 14 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKMolten Salts Chemistry

Molten salts and fused media provide the key properties and the theory of molten salts, as well as aspects of fused salts chemistry, helping you generate new ideas and applications for fused salts. Molten Salts Chemistry: From Lab to Applications examines how the electrical and thermal properties of molten salts, and generally low vapour pressure are well adapted to high temperature chemistry, enabling fast reaction rates. It also explains how their ability to dissolve many inorganic compounds such as oxides,