Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

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  • Author : Lasse Rosendahl
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 320 pages
  • ISBN : 0857097431
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKBiomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering

Biomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering

Biomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering
  • Author : Lasse Rosendahl
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass Combustion Science, Technology and Engineering

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : L.S. Nikolaisen,P.D. Jensen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

This chapter addresses the categorisation of biomass followed by the preparation and conditioning of biomass before combustion and gasification, which are the main technologies for heat and electricity generation. The physical and chemical characteristics are described for a range of types of biomass, together with selected examples of the common European standards for measuring biomass. The chapter addresses the problems and limitations of selected fuels and considers future trends for fuels such as mixed biopellets and the potential use of

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : J.P. Wolf,null Dong
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

The chapter gives an introduction to the main combustion techniques used for turning biomass into power and briefly discusses their relative strengths and weaknesses. The chapter also provides definitions of the main biomass types and discusses recent developments in the application of biomass for power production.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : Y. Neubauer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

The gasification of biomass promises plentiful options for efficient feedstock utilization. Often, the main goal is the provision of energy in the form of heat or power (or cooling) by burning the combustible gases. Another goal of biomass gasification is the generation of synthesis gases for further catalytic synthesis into base chemicals or storable energy carriers such as liquid fuels (methanol, mixed alcohols, Fischer–Tropsch liquids and dimethyl ether) or gaseous fuels such as substitute natural gas (SNG) or hydrogen.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : H. Widell
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass-fired steam boilers are finding increasing use in industrial-scale applications for both heat and power generation. This chapter compares the main technologies for biomass combustion – spreader stoker, mass burn and biomass bubbling fluidised bed (BFB)/circulating fluidised bed (CFB) – and discusses specific issues to be addressed in the design of biomass-fired steam boiler plants. Examples of recent biomass-to-energy plants are given in order to illustrate how project-specific factors influenced the design. A section is dedicated to non-wood biomass fuels and

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : C. Yin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40%, and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : A.A. Rentizelas
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

The chapter discusses the biomass supply chain, which is responsible for supplying an energy conversion plant with the correct quantity and quality of biomass at the correct time. The chapter first categorizes the biomass and waste streams and presents analytically the biomass supply chain, discussing its structure and characteristics. It then reviews the latest advances in biomass supply chains. The issue of integrating biomass energy conversion into waste management systems is tackled and the advantages and limitations of using biomass,

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : M. Mandø
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

This chapter addresses the large-scale combustion of solid biomass to produce heat and power without co-firing of fossil fuels. It introduces the combustion process with a specific focus on issues important in the combustion of solid biomass such as the condition and chemical properties of the biomass fuel, the increased fouling and corrosion of heating surfaces associated with biomass compared to fossil fuels, as well as ash properties and sintering problems. Finally, specific issues regarding the different firing technologies – grate,

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : S. Caillat,E. Vakkilainen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

For a long time biomass was combusted mostly on a small scale. Now the largest biomass boilers are over 500 MWth. This chapter tries to outline the main methods for large-scale biomass combustion. The main boiler types are the grate and bubbling-fluidised bed boilers although circulating-fluidised bed and pulverised firing do play a role. Particular emphasis has been placed on emissions, the effect of fuel quality and operating issues.

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : A. Bridgwater
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

This chapter examines the fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce liquids for use as fuels and chemicals. The technology for fast pyrolysis is described and the characteristics of the main product bio-oil. This primary liquid is characterised by the many properties that affect its use. These properties have caused increasingly extensive research to be undertaken to address properties that need modification and this area is reviewed in terms of physical, catalytic and chemical upgrading. Of particular note is the increasing

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering
  • Author : L. Lange
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 04 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering

Biomass is much too precious to be used only for the production of heat and electricity. Biomass and biowaste have the potential to be used much higher up in the value chain, e.g. as food ingredients, animal feed, chemical building blocks, materials, fuels, and phosphorous-rich fertilizer. Biorefineries will take over from oil refineries. A biorefinery can use all of the different components in optimized value-adding purposes. They represent the next generation of industrial biotechnology, building on the use of

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing
  • Author : Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
  • Publisher : Earthscan
  • Release : 16 May 2012
GET THIS BOOKThe Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing

This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic

Biomass Conversion and Technology

Biomass Conversion and Technology
  • Author : Charles Y. Wereko-Brobby,Essel B. Hagan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
  • Release : 24 July 1996
GET THIS BOOKBiomass Conversion and Technology

The aim of this book is to provide an integrated framework for the teaching, research, and application of science and engineering to the sustained production, transformation, utilisation, and impact of biomass energy. Coverage focuses on four main areas: biomass and bioenergy; bioenergy production and accounting; biomass conversion and end-use technologies; and an appraisal of the costs and benefits of biomass energy.

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 19 July 2010
GET THIS BOOKBiomass Gasification and Pyrolysis

This book offers comprehensive coverage of the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, the key technology enabling the production of biofuels from all viable sources--some examples being sugar cane and switchgrass. This versatile resource not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass gasifiers. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. After fossil fuels, biomass is