Blinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Christopher T Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 388 pages
  • ISBN : 0128026332
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

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Good Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine
  • Author : Anton Bespalov,Martin C. Michel,Thomas Steckler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 01 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKGood Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

This open access book, published under a CC BY 4.0 license in the Pubmed indexed book series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, provides up-to-date information on best practice to improve experimental design and quality of research in non-clinical pharmacology and biomedicine.

Systematic Reviews in Health Care

Systematic Reviews in Health Care
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  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 01 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKSystematic Reviews in Health Care

The second edition of this best-selling book has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the significant changes and advances made in systematic reviewing. New features include discussion on the rationale, meta-analyses of prognostic and diagnostic studies and software, and the use of systematic reviews in practice.

What Works

What Works
  • Author : Iris Bohnet
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 08 March 2016
GET THIS BOOKWhat Works

Gender equality is a moral and a business imperative. But unconscious bias holds us back and de-biasing minds has proven to be difficult and expensive. Behavioral design offers a new solution. Iris Bohnet shows that by de-biasing organizations instead of individuals, we can make smart changes that have big impacts—often at low cost and high speed.

Randomized Controlled Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials
  • Author : Alehandro R. Jadad,Murray W. Enkin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 15 April 2008
GET THIS BOOKRandomized Controlled Trials

Randomized controlled trials are one of the most powerful and revolutionary tools of research. This book is a convenient and accessible description of the underlying principles and practice of randomized controlled trials and their role in clinical decision-making. Structured in a jargon-free question-and-answer format, each chapter provides concise and understandable information on a different aspect of randomized controlled trials, from the basics of trial design and terminology to the interpretation of results and their use in driving evidence-based medicine. The

Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials

Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials
  • Author : Lisa Marie Sullivan,Joseph Massaro
  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 17 May 2021
GET THIS BOOKWiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials

Here you'll find more than 500 entries from the world's leading experts in the field on the basic concepts, methodologies, and applications in clinical trials. The range of topics includes: basic statistical concepts, design and analysis of clinical trials, ethics, regulatory issues, and methodologies for clinical data management and analysis

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making
  • Author : Gideon Keren,George Wu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 14 December 2015
GET THIS BOOKThe Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making

A comprehensive, up-to-date examination of the most important theory, concepts, methodological approaches, and applications in the burgeoning field of judgment and decision making (JDM) Emphasizes the growth of JDM applications with chapters devoted to medical decision making, decision making and the law, consumer behavior, and more Addresses controversial topics from multiple perspectives – such as choice from description versus choice from experience – and contrasts between empirical methodologies employed in behavioral economics and psychology Brings together a multi-disciplinary group of contributors from

Wilful Blindness

Wilful Blindness
  • Author : Margaret Heffernan
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 03 February 2011
GET THIS BOOKWilful Blindness

Fully revised and updated since its first publication in 2011 to encompass further appalling instances of wilful blindness: Grenfell Tower, Carillion, Harvey Weinstein, Windrush and many more ‘Entertaining and compellingly argued’ Sunday Times ‘A tour de force of brilliant insights’ Philip Zimbardo ‘A polemic against the dangers of docility and "groupthink" in every walk of life' Books of the Year, Financial Times ‘Writing in clear, flowing prose, Heffernan draws on psychological and neurological studies and interviews with executives, whistleblowers and white-collar

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Textbook of Tinnitus
  • Author : Aage R. Møller,Berthold Langguth,Dirk DeRidder,Tobias Kleinjung
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 16 November 2010
GET THIS BOOKTextbook of Tinnitus

Groundbreaking, comprehensive, and developed by a panel of leading international experts in the field, Textbook of Tinnitus provides a multidisciplinary overview of the diagnosis and management of this widespread and troubling disorder. Importantly, the book emphasizes that tinnitus is not one disease but a group of rather diverse disorders with different pathophysiology, different causes and, consequently, different treatments. This comprehensive title is written for clinicians and researchers by clinicians and researchers who are active in the field. It is logically

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Reproducibility and Replicability in Science
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy,Board on Research Data and Information,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Reproducibility and Replicability in Science
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 20 October 2019
GET THIS BOOKReproducibility and Replicability in Science

One of the pathways by which the scientific community confirms the validity of a new scientific discovery is by repeating the research that produced it. When a scientific effort fails to independently confirm the computations or results of a previous study, some fear that it may be a symptom of a lack of rigor in science, while others argue that such an observed inconsistency can be an important precursor to new discovery. Concerns about reproducibility and replicability have been expressed

Race on the Brain

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  • Author : Jonathan Kahn
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 07 November 2017
GET THIS BOOKRace on the Brain

Of the many obstacles to racial justice in America, none has received more recent attention than the one that lurks in our subconscious. As social movements and policing scandals have shown how far from being “postracial” we are, the concept of implicit bias has taken center stage in the national conversation about race. Millions of Americans have taken online tests purporting to show the deep, invisible roots of their own prejudice. A recent Oxford study that claims to have found