Blinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Christopher T Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 388 pages
  • ISBN : 0128026332
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

Blinding As a Solution to Bias

Blinding As a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Aaron S. Kesselheim,Christopher T. Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 02 February 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding As a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

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Expert Failure
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  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 08 February 2018
GET THIS BOOKExpert Failure

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Race on the Brain
  • Author : Jonathan Kahn
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 07 November 2017
GET THIS BOOKRace on the Brain

Of the many obstacles to racial justice in America, none has received more recent attention than the one that lurks in our subconscious. As social movements and policing scandals have shown how far from being “postracial” we are, the concept of implicit bias has taken center stage in the national conversation about race. Millions of Americans have taken online tests purporting to show the deep, invisible roots of their own prejudice. A recent Oxford study that claims to have found

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  • Author : Anton Bespalov,Martin C. Michel,Thomas Steckler
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 01 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKGood Research Practice in Non-Clinical Pharmacology and Biomedicine

This open access book, published under a CC BY 4.0 license in the Pubmed indexed book series Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, provides up-to-date information on best practice to improve experimental design and quality of research in non-clinical pharmacology and biomedicine.

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  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 29 July 2009
GET THIS BOOKStrengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan

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  • Author : Michael T. Haneline
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 01 August 2006
GET THIS BOOKEvidence-Based Chiropractic Practice

Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition. This text informs readers about the procedures involved in the practice of evidence-based chiropractic, background information that is needed to obtain and interpret chiropractic evidence, as well as practical examples to assist with implementation.

America, Compromised

America, Compromised
  • Author : Lawrence Lessig
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 15 November 2018
GET THIS BOOKAmerica, Compromised

“There is not a single American awake to the world who is comfortable with the way things are.” So begins Lawrence Lessig's sweeping indictment of contemporary American institutions and the corruption that besets them. We can all see it—from the selling of Congress to special interests to the corporate capture of the academy. Something is wrong. It’s getting worse. And it’s our fault. What Lessig shows, brilliantly and persuasively, is that we can’t blame the problems

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Critical Thinking in Clinical Research
  • Author : Felipe Fregni,Ben M.W. Illigens
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 13 March 2018
GET THIS BOOKCritical Thinking in Clinical Research

One of the most crucial skills a clinician, scientist, or student can learn is to create, conduct, and interpret the conclusions of a clinical study. Critical Thinking in Clinical Research teaches these fundamentals in four distinct sections, called "units": the first unit focuses on issues surrounding the design of a study such as population, question selection, randomization, and blinding; Unit 2 presents statistical methods such as analyzing data collected, how to present and discuss the data concisely; the third unit covers

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Stroke E-Book
  • Author : J. P. Mohr,Philip A. Wolf,Michael A. Moskowitz,Marc R Mayberg,Rudiger Von Kummer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 13 May 2011
GET THIS BOOKStroke E-Book

First published in 1986 under the editorial direction of Dr. Henry J.M. Barnett, Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management continues to provide the dependable, current answers you need to effectively combat the increasing incidence of this disease. Dr. J.P. Mohr, together with new associate editors Philip A. Wolf, James C. Grotta, Michael A. Moskowitz, Marc Mayberg, and Rüdiger von Kummer as well as a multitude of expert contributors from around the world, offer you updated and expanded coverage of

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  • Author : Eric Barends,Denise M. Rousseau
  • Publisher : Kogan Page Publishers
  • Release : 03 September 2018
GET THIS BOOKEvidence-Based Management

Decisions in businesses and organizations are too often based on fads, fashions and the success stories of famous CEOs. At the same time, traditional models and new cutting-edge solutions often fail to deliver on what they promise. This situation leaves managers, business leaders, consultants and policymakers with a profound challenge: how can we stay away from trends and quick fixes, and instead use valid and reliable evidence to support the organization? In response to this problem, evidence-based management has evolved

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  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 11 October 2011
GET THIS BOOKIntroduction to Educational Research

"Introduction to Educational Research: A Critical Thinking Approach 2e is an engaging and informative core text that enables students to think clearly and critically about the scientific process of research. In acheiving its goal to make research accessible to all educators and equip them with the skills to understand and evaluate published research, the text examines how educational research is conducted across the major traditions of quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, and action research. The text is oriented toward consumers of