Blinding As a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Blinding As A Solution To Bias: Strengthening Biomedical Science, Forensic Science, and Law, Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions-about who needs to know what-open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

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  • Author : Aaron S. Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 388 pages
  • ISBN : 9780128024607
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKBlinding As a Solution to Bias

Blinding As a Solution to Bias

Blinding As a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Aaron S. Kesselheim,Christopher T. Robertson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 02 February 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding As a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKBlinding as a Solution to Bias

What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes

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  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 08 February 2018
GET THIS BOOKExpert Failure

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  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 15 June 2019
GET THIS BOOKForensic Firearm Examination

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  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 17 December 2019
GET THIS BOOKExposed

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  • Publisher : Campus Verlag
  • Release : 10 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKWeak Knowledge

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  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 07 November 2017
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  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 07 August 2017
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  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 01 August 2006
GET THIS BOOKEvidence-Based Chiropractic Practice

Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition. This text informs readers about the procedures involved in the practice of evidence-based chiropractic, background information that is needed to obtain and interpret chiropractic evidence, as well as practical examples to assist with implementation.

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  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 15 November 2018
GET THIS BOOKAmerica, Compromised

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  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 13 May 2011
GET THIS BOOKStroke E-Book

First published in 1986 under the editorial direction of Dr. Henry J.M. Barnett, Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management continues to provide the dependable, current answers you need to effectively combat the increasing incidence of this disease. Dr. J.P. Mohr, together with new associate editors Philip A. Wolf, James C. Grotta, Michael A. Moskowitz, Marc Mayberg, and Rüdiger von Kummer as well as a multitude of expert contributors from around the world, offer you updated and expanded coverage of

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  • Release : 13 March 2018
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  • Release : 24 November 2014
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  • Release : 05 July 2016
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