Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

The optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene make them potentially suitable for a variety of photonic applications. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications explores the properties of these exciting materials and their use across a variety of applications. Part one introduces the fundamental optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene before exploring how carbon nanotubes and graphene are synthesised. A further chapter focusses on nonlinearity enhancement and novel preparation approaches for carbon nanotube and graphene photonic devices. Chapters in part two discuss carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications and highlight optical gain and lasing in carbon nanotubes, carbon nanotube and graphene-based fiber lasers, carbon-nanotube-based bulk solid-state lasers, electromagnetic nonlinearities in graphene, and carbon nanotube-based nonlinear photonic devices. Finally, part three focusses on carbon-based optoelectronics and includes chapters on carbon nanotube solar cells, a carbon nanotube-based optical platform for biomolecular detection, hybrid carbon nanotube-liquid crystal nanophotonic devices, and quantum light sources based on individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications is a technical resource for materials scientists, electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry and academics and researchers interested in the field. Covers the properties and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications Considers the uses of carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications Explores numerous carbon-based light emitters and detectors

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  • Author : Shinji Yamashita
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 416 pages
  • ISBN : 0857098624
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKCarbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications
  • Author : Shinji Yamashita,Yahachi Saito,Jong Hyun Choi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

The optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene make them potentially suitable for a variety of photonic applications. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications explores the properties of these exciting materials and their use across a variety of applications. Part one introduces the fundamental optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene before exploring how carbon nanotubes and graphene are synthesised. A further chapter focusses on nonlinearity enhancement and novel preparation approaches for carbon nanotube and graphene photonic devices. Chapters

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : K.K. Chow
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Because of their estimated ultra-high third-order nonlinearity, single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be regarded as a potential new material for optical nonlinearity. The nonlinearity of CNTs is believed to originate from the inter-band transitions of the π-electrons, causing nonlinear polarization. In this respect, CNTs are similar to other organic optical materials that exhibit extremely high nonlinearity. CNT-based photonics devices offer several key advantages, including ultrafast response, robustness, tunability of wavelength, and compatibility to fibers. This chapter will describe the design

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : Y.-W. Song
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

With their nano-scaled dimensions and extremely elevated optical nonlinearity, carbon nanostructures including single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene have played a critical role in generating ultrafast optical pulses. The pulsation relies on passive mode-locking of the nanostructures, and has been enhanced by employing an evanescent field interaction scheme that guarantees the all-fiber high-power operation. Preparation schemes for pulsating devices have been evolving via the development of elegant processes such as optical deposition, electrospray, and aerosol deposition of carbon nanostructures, ensuring the

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : K. Matsuda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

The fundamental electronic states and optical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes are briefly explained in this chapter. Moreover, the novel optical properties of carbon nanotubes revealed by advanced laser spectroscopy (single-nanotube spectroscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy) are introduced. Due to the enhanced Coulomb interaction, the optically generated electron-hole pair forms a strongly bound ‘exciton’ state, analogous to the hydrogen-like state in the carbon nanotubes. The striking features of excitons in the carbon nanotube, such as singlet-dark states and triplet states, which

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : A. Martinez,S. Yamashita
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Fiber laser technology is attracting a great deal of attention due to its numerous applications in fields as diverse as micromachining, biology and medical sciences or telecommunications and its potential as a substitute for solid-state lasers in industrial and technological applications. Fiber lasers are also exciting from the scientific point of view as they are an excellent platform to further study and understand nonlinear optical phenomena. In this chapter, we review the impact of nano-materials, such as graphene and carbon

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : T. Wilkinson,H. Butt
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

This chapter discusses the background knowledge and provides a literature review of carbon-nanotubes-based metamaterials and other nanophotonic devices we present in the chapter. The materials properties of carbon nanotubes are discussed, along with their possible application in producing metamaterials which display artificial optical properties. A detailed analysis of different types of metamaterials is presented, along with their theory and applications. The utilization of silicon nanopillars for producing photonic crystals and the enhanced reflection effects are discussed. Lastly, the theoretical background

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : J. Pan,T.-G. Cha,H. Chen,J.H. Choi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally photostable fluorophores that emit in the near infrared range. Their novel optical properties make them particularly appealing for applications in biosensing. This chapter focuses on the state-of-the-art development of optical biosensors based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs); also, it draws attention to the basic photophysics of SWCNTs, optical-sensing mechanisms, and surface functionalization principles. The concerted efforts from the research community in the past decade have enabled the realization of several SWCNT-based optical biosensors that provide real-time,

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : E. Gaufrès,N. Izard,A. Noury,X. Le Roux,L. Vivien
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

This chapter describes how the semiconducting-single-wall nanotube (SWNT) extraction affects their luminescence properties and how such properties can be exploited to fabricate optical sources emitting in near-infrared wavelengths ranging from 1 to 2μm. The main applications of carbon nanotube (CNT) lasers are aimed at optical interconnects and biophotonics. We review recent achievements in obtaining optical gain in thin films doped with CNTs. Techniques for determining optical gain in CNTs are considered with particular focus on the variable strip length (VSL) method

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : E. Einarsson,S. Maruyama
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

This chapter provides an overview of methods used to synthesize single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and graphene. Synthesis methods of commercially available SWNTs are reviewed first, followed by common in-house methods. Historically important approaches are discussed but the focus is on tailored synthesis by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Primary routes for graphene synthesis are described next, in addition to background regarding the discovery of this two-dimensional material. Exfoliation of graphite into single-layer graphene is described, followed by synthesis routes involving reduction

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : L.-M. Peng,S. Wang,Z. Zhang
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are excellent optoelectronic materials and have been investigated for various electronic and optoelectronic device applications, such as light-emitting diodes, photodetectors and photovoltaic cells. This chapter begins with a general discussion on the various types of CNT diodes. It then focuses on a particular type of CNT diode fabricated by a doping-free process, and its application in photovoltaic cells and light-emitting diodes. The chapter ends with an outlook for the use of CNT in further integrated nanoelectronics and

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : B.A. Baker,H. Zhang,T.-G. Cha,J.H. Choi
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes have been explored in light-harvesting and photovoltaic devices because of their unique optoelectronic properties. This chapter provides a brief description of the optoelectronic properties of carbon nanotubes, particularly single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), and their implication in various solar cell applications including donor–acceptor solar cells, polymer solar cells, and dye-sensitized solar cells, where carbon nanotubes are utilized as photoactive materials. Carbon-nanotube-based electrodes in photovoltaic devices are also introduced. Carbon-nanotube-based light-harvesting devices are reviewed in terms of fabrication and

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : W.B. Cho,F. Rotermund
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) possessing outstanding linear and nonlinear optical properties are utilized as saturable absorbers (SAs) for passive mode-locking of different bulk solid-state lasers in a wide spectral range between 0.8 and 2μm. To overcome some of the limitations and drawbacks of currently available saturable absorbers, diverse carbon nanotubes and techniques for fabrication of single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorbers (SWCNT-SAs) are investigated. In this chapter, we discuss various manufacturing procedures and essential characteristics of SWCNT-based passive mode-locking devices, and review

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : S. Mikhailov
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

A theory of the linear and, especially, nonlinear electromagnetic response of graphene is presented. It is shown that, because of the massless energy spectrum of quasi-particles – electrons and holes – graphene has strongly nonlinear electromagnetic properties. Nonlinear electrodynamic phenomena – such as higher harmonic generation, frequency mixing and multiplication, detection – can be observed in graphene at electric fields several orders of magnitude lower than in many other nonlinear materials. A brief overview of experimental results is given. Prospects of future theoretical and

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : W. Walden-Newman,S. Strauf
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 31 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKCarbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have recently attracted tremendous interest as a nanomaterial for photonics and quantum photonics devices. Here we shall review recent work with a focus on quantum light properties such as blinking and spectral diffusion, and in particular, methods and techniques to suppress these detrimental effects with the goal of enhancing optical emission. Furthermore, we shall review recent work on the generation and detection of nonclassical light emissions from individual SWCNTs embedded in polymer cavities, and discuss the

Synthesis and Applications of Nanocarbons

Synthesis and Applications of Nanocarbons
  • Author : Jean-Charles Arnault,Dominik Eder
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 28 August 2020
GET THIS BOOKSynthesis and Applications of Nanocarbons

A crucial overview of the cutting-edge in nanocarbon research and applications In Synthesis and Applications of Nanocarbons, the distinguished authors have set out to discuss fundamental topics, synthetic approaches, materials challenges, and various applications of this rapidly developing technology. Nanocarbons have recently emerged as a promising material for chemical, energy, environmental, and medical applications because of their unique chemical properties and their rich surface chemistries. This book is the latest entry in the Wiley book series Nanocarbon Chemistry and Interfaces