Chordate Origins and Evolution

Chordate Origins and Evolution: The Molecular Evolutionary Road to Vertebrates focuses on echinoderms (starfish, sea urchins, and others), hemichordates (acorn worms, etc.), cephalochordates (lancelets), urochordates or tunicates (ascidians, larvaceans and others), and vertebrates. In general, evolution of these groups is discussed independently, on a larger scale: ambulacrarians (echi+hemi) and chordates (cephlo+uro+vert). Until now, discussion of these topics has been somewhat fragmented, and this work provides a unified presentation of the essential information. In the more than 150 years since Charles Darwin proposed the concept of the origin of species by means of natural selection, which has profoundly affected all fields of biology and medicine, the evolution of animals (metazoans) has been studied, discussed, and debated extensively. Following many decades of classical comparative morphology and embryology, the 1980s marked a turning point in studies of animal evolution, when molecular biological approaches, including molecular phylogeny (MP), molecular evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo), and comparative genomics (CG), began to be employed. There are at least five key events in metazoan evolution, which include the origins of 1) diploblastic animals, such as cnidarians; 2) triploblastic animals or bilaterians; 3) protostomes and deuterostomes; 4) chordates, among deuterostomes; and 5) vertebrates, among chordates. The last two have received special attention in relation to evolution of human beings. During the past two decades, great advances have been made in this field, especially in regard to molecular and developmental mechanisms involved in the evolution of chordates. For example, the interpretation of phylogenetic relationships among deuterostomes has drastically changed. In addition, we have now obtained a large quantity of MP, evo-devo, and CG information on the origin and evolution of chordates. Covers the most significant advances in this field to give readers an understanding of the interesting biological issues involved Provides a unified presentation of essential information regarding each phylum and an integrative understanding of molecular mechanisms involved in the origin and evolution of chordates Discusses the evolutionary scenario of chordates based on two major characteristic features of animals—namely modes of feeding (energy sources) and reproduction—as the two main forces driving animal evolution and benefiting dialogue for future studies of animal evolution

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  • Author : Noriyuki Satoh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 220 pages
  • ISBN : 0128030062
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKChordate Origins and Evolution

Chordate Origins and Evolution

Chordate Origins and Evolution
  • Author : Noriyuki Satoh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 14 July 2016
GET THIS BOOKChordate Origins and Evolution

Chordate Origins and Evolution: The Molecular Evolutionary Road to Vertebrates focuses on echinoderms (starfish, sea urchins, and others), hemichordates (acorn worms, etc.), cephalochordates (lancelets), urochordates or tunicates (ascidians, larvaceans and others), and vertebrates. In general, evolution of these groups is discussed independently, on a larger scale: ambulacrarians (echi+hemi) and chordates (cephlo+uro+vert). Until now, discussion of these topics has been somewhat fragmented, and this work provides a unified presentation of the essential information. In the more than 150 years

Evolutionary Developmental Biology

Evolutionary Developmental Biology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 12 February 2021
GET THIS BOOKEvolutionary Developmental Biology

Evolutionary Developmental Biology, Volume 141 focuses on recent research in evolutionary developmental biology, the science studying how changes in development cause the variations that natural selection operate on. Several new hypotheses and models are presented in this volume, and these concern how homology may be properly delineated, how neural crest and placode cells emerged and how they formed the skull and jaw, and how plasticity and developmental symbiosis enable normal development to be regulated by environmental factors. •New models for homology •

Principles of Developmental Genetics

Principles of Developmental Genetics
  • Author : Sally A. Moody
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 02 September 2014
GET THIS BOOKPrinciples of Developmental Genetics

Providing expert coverage of all major events in early embryogenesis and the organogenesis of specific systems, and supplemented with representative clinical syndromes, Principles of Developmental Genetics, Second Edition discusses the processes of normal development in embryonic and prenatal animals, including humans. The new edition of this classic work supports clinical researchers developing future therapies with its all-new coverage of systems biology, stem cell biology, new technologies, and clinical disorders. A crystal-clear layout, exceptional full-color design, and bulleted summaries of major

Across the Bridge

Across the Bridge
  • Author : Henry Gee
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 04 July 2018
GET THIS BOOKAcross the Bridge

Our understanding of vertebrate origins and the backbone of human history evolves with each new fossil find and DNA map. Many species have now had their genomes sequenced, and molecular techniques allow genetic inspection of even non-model organisms. But as longtime Nature editor Henry Gee argues in Across the Bridge, despite these giant strides and our deepening understanding of how vertebrates fit into the tree of life, the morphological chasm between vertebrates and invertebrates remains vast and enigmatic. As Gee

Animal Evolution

Animal Evolution
  • Author : Maximilian J. Telford,D. Timothy J. Littlewood
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 13 August 2009
GET THIS BOOKAnimal Evolution

Describing and understanding the evolution of the diversity of bodyplans is a major goal of evolutionary biology. Taking a modern, integrated approach to this question, a group of leading researchers describe how modern techniques and disciplines have been combined, resulting in a dramatic renaissance in the study of animal evolution.

Amphioxus Immunity

Amphioxus Immunity
  • Author : An-Long Xu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 31 December 2015
GET THIS BOOKAmphioxus Immunity

Amphioxus Immunity: Tracing the Origin of Human Immunity covers a remarkable range of information about Amphioxus and its evolutionary context. This compilation of what is currently known about Amphioxus, with a sharp focus on its immune system, includes 13 topics, such as: Amphioxus as a model for understanding the evolution of vertebrates basic knowledge of immunology immune organs and cells of amphioxus a genomic and transcriptomic view of the Amphioxus immunity pattern recognition system in Amphioxus transcription factors in Amphioxus the

Muscles of Chordates

Muscles of Chordates
  • Author : Rui Diogo,Janine M. Ziermann,Julia Molnar,Natalia Siomava,Virginia Abdala
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 17 April 2018
GET THIS BOOKMuscles of Chordates

Chordates comprise lampreys, hagfishes, jawed fishes, and tetrapods, plus a variety of more unfamiliar and crucially important non-vertebrate animal lineages, such as lancelets and sea squirts. This will be the first book to synthesize, summarize, and provide high-quality illustrations to show what is known of the configuration, development, homology, and evolution of the muscles of all major extant chordate groups. Muscles as different as those used to open the siphons of sea squirts and for human facial communication will be

Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Telencephalon, with Special Reference to the Mammalian Neocortex

Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Telencephalon, with Special Reference to the Mammalian Neocortex
  • Author : Francisco Aboitiz,J. Montiel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 20 June 2007
GET THIS BOOKOrigin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Telencephalon, with Special Reference to the Mammalian Neocortex

How could a structure as complex as the vertebrate brain develop from the simplest multicellular animals? Natural selection offers an impeccable mechanism for the gradual transformation of species, but even Darwin sometimes expressed doubts about the origin of highly complex structures. Following an approach that has been termed "developmental evolutionary genetics," this book seeks to establish a correspondence between embryological processes and the phylogenetic history of an organism.

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution

The Neural Crest in Development and Evolution
  • Author : Brian K. Hall
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 30 July 1999
GET THIS BOOKThe Neural Crest in Development and Evolution

A discussion of the neural crest and neural crest cells, dealing with their discovery, their embryological and evolutionary origins, their cellular derivatives - in both agnathan and jawed vertebrates or gnathostomes - and the broad topics of migration and differentiation in normal development. The book also considers what goes wrong when development is misdirected by mutations, or by exposure of embryos to exogenous agents such as drugs, alcohol, or excess vitamin A, and includes discussions of tumours and syndromes and