Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services. Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 648 pages
  • ISBN : 0080983421
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKClimate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Thomas Knoke,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Conclusions from the individual chapters are integrated into a synopsis, covering achievements and perspectives, and linking challenges for natural and social sciences, provisioning ecosystem services (ESs) under environmental change. The required research and policy making are facilitated by novel understanding of ecosystem functioning and internal factorial interactions with the atmosphere. A basis is provided through methodological progress for establishing forest research ‘supersites’ within global research networks, possessing capacities for creating generic mechanistic knowledge of ecological relevance. On such grounds, provisioning

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change
  • Author : Suruchi Singh,Pardeep Singh,S. Rangabhashiyam,K.K. Srivastava
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 11 March 2021
GET THIS BOOKGlobal Climate Change

Global Climate Change presents both practical and theoretical aspects of global climate change from across geological periods. It addresses holistic issues related to climate change and its contribution in triggering the temperature increase with a multitude of impacts on natural processes. As a result, it helps to identify the gaps between policies that have been put in place and the continuously increasing emissions. The challenges presented include habitability, biodiversity, natural resources, and human health. It is organized into information on

Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility

Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility
  • Author : Wael Al-Delaimy,Veerabhadran Ramanathan,Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 13 May 2020
GET THIS BOOKHealth of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility

This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions. The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being. The influence of humans on climate change has been established through extensive published evidence and reports. However, the connections between climate change, the health of the planet and the impact on

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Francesco Loreto,Silvano Fares
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) play a critical role in biosphere–atmosphere interactions and are key constraints of the physical and chemical properties of the atmosphere, potentially influencing the climate and the quality of air, especially in the areas exposed to in situ release or long-range transport of anthropogenically polluted air masses. Under these conditions, reactive BVOC may contribute to ozone and particle production. The very large amount of BVOC emitted by vegetation, estimated today to more than 1000Tg C

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Alessandra R. Kozovits,Mercedes M.C. Bustamante
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Over recent decades, climate changes, especially revealed through alteration in rainfall patterns, with apparent intensification of the dry season, have been documented throughout Latin America. At the same time, this region of the globe has displayed strong economic growth along with profound changes in land use and emission of air pollutants. Long-term studies have shown that functional groups of plants from tropical and sub-tropical rainforests and savannas, the largest and most diverse biomes in the region, present different sensitivities to

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Maria Nijnik,David Miller
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Contemporary societies expect a range of services (including of carbon sequestration) to be supplied from forest ecosystems. Their growing societal importance is clearly reflected in policies. The conceptual framework for the states that people are integral parts of ecosystems and that a dynamic interaction exists between them and other parts of ecosystems. This approach encompasses social, economic and environmental interactions, and the dynamics and cross scale issues that have multiple outcomes. However, forest multifunctionality is a challenge since the combination

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Takayoshi Koike,Makoto Watanabe,Yasutomo Hoshika,Mitsutoshi Kitao,Hideyuki Matsumura,R. Funada,Takeshi Izuta
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Air pollution, especially ozone, in East and Southeast Asia is considered to be more serious than in Europe and North America. An increase in ozone concentration may lead to adverse effects on forest trees in East and Southeast Asia where we have high species richness. Although some information on the effects of ozone on plantation tree species in East Asia is available, the situation of most countries in Southeast Asia is not clarified. In Japan, advanced methodologies such as the

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Kurt S. Pregitzer,Alan F. Talhelm
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The Aspen free-air carbon dioxide (CO2) enrichment (FACE) experiment tested how three developing forest communities responded to elevated concentrations of CO2 and/or tropospheric ozone (O3). Throughout the 11-year experiment, elevated CO2 increased aboveground productivity, whereas the initial negative effects of elevated O3 on aboveground productivity became insignificant over time. During the first 2 years, fine root biomass and soil respiration responded positively to elevated CO2 and negatively to elevated O3. However, after 5 years, O3 effects on fine root biomass were

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Elina Oksanen,Sarita Keski-Saari,Sari Kontunen-Soppela,Markku Keinänen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

In this chapter, we present information about metabolomic, transcriptomic and ecophysiological responses of birch (Betula pendula, Betula papyrifera) and aspen (Populus tremula, Populus tremula×Populus tremuloides, Populus nigra) species to increasing ozone, CO2 and/or climate warming collected from several long-term field experiments and complementary laboratory studies. Metabolomic and genetic analyses have indicated several changes in metabolites (phenolic and volatile organic compounds in particular), defence reactions and target pathways for ozone and CO2 action, and a strong impact of climate

Climate Change and Air Pollution

Climate Change and Air Pollution
  • Author : Rais Akhtar,Cosimo Palagiano
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 05 October 2017
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change and Air Pollution

This book discusses regional and international climate-change, air- pollution and human-health scenarios. The research, from both industrialized and developing countries, focuses on region-specific perspectives of climate change impacts on air pollution. After analyzing the variations of climate data over recent decades, the authors consider the different effects of climate change on air pollution and health. As stressed by the IPCC, “pollen, smoke and ozone levels are likely to increase in a warming world, affecting the health of residents of major

Climate Change and Cities

Climate Change and Cities
  • Author : Cynthia Rosenzweig,William D. Solecki,Patricia Romero-Lankao,Shagun Mehrotra,Shobhakar Dhakal,Somayya Ali Ibrahim
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 29 March 2018
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change and Cities

"Urban Climate Change Research Network, Center for Climate Systems Research, Earth Institute, Columbia University."

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Pavel Cudlín,Josef Seják,Jan Pokorný,Jana Albrechtová,Olaf Bastian,Michal Marek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has become a central issue in forest science during the past decade. Climate change in interaction with air pollution brings novel combinations of severity and timing of multiple stresses, which may significantly affect many

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic risks to forests under global change. The book will conclude on suggestions for decision making and reasons for continued funding of related research.

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Thomas Knoke,Andreas Hahn
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change, Air Pollution and Global Challenges

We analyse options to adapt forest and agricultural ecosystems to the adverse consequences of climatic change. We provide an overview of global change as it relates to the forest and agriculture sectors and conclude that forests should be analysed and their management optimised, together with their neighbouring agricultural ecosystems, if we are to be successful in meeting the challenges of future land-use conflicts. These challenges include balancing the need to satisfy increasing food and resource demands (provisioning services) while still