Development of Biodiesel Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Biodiesel is an excellent potential replacement for petroleum diesel fuels because of its comparable physical properties in addition to its improved environmental benefits, such as low pollutant gas emissions, nontoxicity, renewability, and biodegradability. However, biodiesel and petroleum diesel differ greatly with respect to their chemical properties. Therefore, the compatibility of the materials that are commonly employed in contact with diesel must also be assured for biodiesel that has been obtained from different sources. Although nitrile rubber (NBR) has previously not been recommended for biodiesel applications, up to now no effort has been made to better understand the interaction between nitrile rubber and biodiesel or to propose improvements to the production of NBR articles. This book evaluates the resistance of different types of NBR and NBR formulations to biodiesel. It is shown how increasing acrylonitrile content and carboxylation increase the rubber resistance to biodiesel, and a new method employing accelerators to prepare novel biodiesel-resistant formulations is described. The choice of accelerator has a significant effect on the biodiesel resistance, and compositions prepared from an efficient vulcanization system are shown to be most resistant to chemical degradation. The effects on physical properties such as tensile strength, hardness, and elongation at break are also analyzed and evaluated. The potential for these materials to be used in applications in which they will be in contact with biodiesel is thus demonstrated.

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Felipe N. Linhares
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Pages : 140 pages
  • ISBN : 1569906750
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKDevelopment of Biodiesel Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Development of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Development of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions
  • Author : Felipe N. Linhares
  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release : 05 December 2016
GET THIS BOOKDevelopment of Biodiesel-Resistant Nitrile Rubber Compositions

Biodiesel is an excellent potential replacement for petroleum diesel fuels because of its comparable physical properties in addition to its improved environmental benefits, such as low pollutant gas emissions, nontoxicity, renewability, and biodegradability. However, biodiesel and petroleum diesel differ greatly with respect to their chemical properties. Therefore, the compatibility of the materials that are commonly employed in contact with diesel must also be assured for biodiesel that has been obtained from different sources. Although nitrile rubber (NBR) has previously not

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  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 25 January 2017
GET THIS BOOKFrontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

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  • Author : Brendan Rodgers
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 09 October 2015
GET THIS BOOKRubber Compounding

Rubber Compounding: Chemistry and Applications describes the production, processing, and characteristics of a wide range of materials utilized in the modern tire and rubber industry, from natural to butyl rubber, carbon black, silica, silanes, and beyond. Containing contributions from leading specialists in the field, the text investigates the chem

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

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  • Author : Eduardo Jacob-Lopes,Leila Queiroz Zepka
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 25 January 2017
GET THIS BOOKFrontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels

Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of bioenergy, biofuels, and coproducts. Issues related to environment, food, and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide energy to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of energy while also considering the biosphere's ability to regenerate resources. The bioenergy and biofuels are resources

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  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 11 July 2018
GET THIS BOOKBiofuels

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  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 14 October 2015
GET THIS BOOKBiomass Production and Uses

Biomass presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the possibilities for production and use of biomasses of agricultural and industrial importance. Issues related to environment, food, chemicals and energy present serious challenges to the success and stability of nations. The challenge to provide commodities to a rapidly increasing global population has made it imperative to find new technological routes to increase production of consumables while also considering the biospheres ability to regenerate resources. Plant and microbial biomasses are bioresources that

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  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas,Muhammet Fatih Demirbas
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 10 July 2010
GET THIS BOOKAlgae Energy

Algae Energy covers the production of algae culture and the usage of algal biomass conversion products. It also reviews modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including biodiesel, bio-oil, biomethane and biohydrogen. Each chapter opens with fundamental explanations suitable for those with a general interest in algae energy and goes on to provide in-depth scientific details for more expert readers. Algae energy is discussed within the wider context of green energy, with chapters covering topics such as: green energy facilities, algae technology, energy

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  • Author : Anuj K. Chandel,Rajeev K. Sukumaran
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 14 March 2017
GET THIS BOOKSustainable Biofuels Development in India

This book will provide assistance to the broad range of readers involved in the crude oil import and production; renewable energy production; biomass analysis and bioconversion; greenhouse gas emissions; techno-economic analysis and government policies for implementing biofuels in India. This book presents important aspects on the large scale production of biofuels following a bio-refinery concept and its commercialization and sustainability issues. Hence, it is a useful resource to policy makers, policy analysts, techno-economic analysts and business managers who deal with

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  • Author : Krzysztof Biernat
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 24 March 2016
GET THIS BOOKAlternative Fuels

The presented book provides an overview of the most widely used alternative fuels in the power supply systems in spark-ignition engines and compression-ignition engines, such as LPG, CNG and RME, including the assessment of their operational usefulness, especially in terms of environmental impact in urban traffic. The possibilities of optimizing the ignition processes in engines fueled by gas are presented. The monograph also contains the results of exploitation tests with an assessment of the environmental impact of fuels containing oxygen

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  • Author : Jaya Shankar Tumuluru
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 22 February 2017
GET THIS BOOKBiomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy

This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass

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  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 11 July 2018
GET THIS BOOKGasification for Low-grade Feedstock

Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works

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  • Author : John S. Dick,Charles P. Rader
  • Publisher : Hanser Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 30 June 2014
GET THIS BOOKRaw Materials Supply Chain for Rubber Products

The rubber industry is a vital part of the world economy. In this age of constantly changing economics and raw material "shortages of the week," this book should help the reader understand the overall technical and economic problems that are emerging which are beginning to affect the overall availability of many raw materials, chemical intermediates and final rubber products on the world scene. This book is truly unique in that it is the only one that traces all the important

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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 02 November 2018
GET THIS BOOKBiodiesel

This book presents in-depth information on the state of the art of global biodiesel production and investigates its impact on climate change. Subsequently, it comprehensively discusses biodiesel production in terms of production systems (reactor technologies) as well as biodiesel purification and upgrading technologies. Moreover, the book reviews essential parameters in biodiesel production systems as well as major principles of operation, process control, and trouble-shooting in these systems. Conventional and emerging applications of biodiesel by-products with a view to further economize

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  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 21 March 2018
GET THIS BOOKLignin

Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.