Evolution of Vulnerability

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

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  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 444 pages
  • ISBN : 0128017473
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKEvolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability
  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 28 July 2015
GET THIS BOOKEvolution of Vulnerability

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used

Disasters and History

Disasters and History
  • Author : Bas van Bavel,Daniel R. Curtis,Jessica Dijkman,Matthew Hannaford,Maïka de Keyzer,Eline van Onacker,Tim Soens
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 22 October 2020
GET THIS BOOKDisasters and History

Offers the first comprehensive overview of research into hazards and disasters from a historical perspective. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

China's Development Challenges

China's Development Challenges
  • Author : Richard Schiere
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 21 December 2009
GET THIS BOOKChina's Development Challenges

This book argues that a major potential source of social tension in transition and developing countries is not poverty as such, but vulnerability: that is, the risk of becoming poor. It demonstrates how in China many of the recent reforms to the public sector, such as decentralisation from central to local government, especially fiscal decentralisation; the reduction in public services provided by the state; the increasing practice of local government of charging fees for basic services which were previously free;

China's Post-Reform Economy - Achieving Harmony, Sustaining Growth

China's Post-Reform Economy - Achieving Harmony, Sustaining Growth
  • Author : Richard Sanders,Chen Yang
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 12 December 2007
GET THIS BOOKChina's Post-Reform Economy - Achieving Harmony, Sustaining Growth

China has enjoyed heroic growth rates in the last twenty five years of reform and transition, pulling more people out of poverty more quickly than at any other time in human history. Nonetheless these successes have had costs: today China is faced with increasing environmental difficulties and there is a dangerous level of inequality of income and wealth leading to large numbers of often violent disputes and demonstrations in the countryside. This book discusses the very latest issues relating to

Human Being and Vulnerability

Human Being and Vulnerability
  • Author : Joseph Sverker
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 24 November 2020
GET THIS BOOKHuman Being and Vulnerability

Joseph Sverker explores the division between social constructivism and a biologist essentialism by means of Christian theology. For this, Sverker uses a fascinating approach: He lets critical theorist Judith Butler, psycholinguist Steven Pinker, and systematic theologian Colin Gunton interact. While theology plays a central part to make the interaction possible, the context is also that of the school and the effect of institutions on the pupil as a human being and learner. In order to understand what underlies the division

The Politics of Human Vulnerability to Climate Change

The Politics of Human Vulnerability to Climate Change
  • Author : Julia Teebken
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 31 March 2022
GET THIS BOOKThe Politics of Human Vulnerability to Climate Change

This book compares how the social consequences of climate change are similarly unevenly distributed within China and the United States, despite different political systems. Focusing on the cases of Atlanta, USA, and Jinhua, China, Julia Teebken explores a set of path-dependent factors (lock-ins), which hamper the pursuit of climate adaptation by local governments to adequately address the root causes of vulnerability. Lock-ins help to explain why adaptation efforts in both locations are incremental and commonly focus on greening the environment.

Religious Perspectives on Human Vulnerability in Bioethics

Religious Perspectives on Human Vulnerability in Bioethics
  • Author : Joseph Tham,Alberto Garcia,Gonzalo Miranda
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 07 July 2014
GET THIS BOOKReligious Perspectives on Human Vulnerability in Bioethics

With the advance of biomedicine, certain individuals and groups are vulnerable because of their incapacities to defend themselves. The International Bioethics Committee as a UNESCO working group has for the last several years dedicated to deepen this principle of human vulnerability and personal integrity. This book serves to supplement this effort with a religious perspective given a great number of the world’s population is affiliated with some religious traditions. While there is diversity within each of these traditions, all

Evolution in Health and Disease

Evolution in Health and Disease
  • Author : Stephen C. Stearns,Jacob C. Koella
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 23 May 2022
GET THIS BOOKEvolution in Health and Disease

This work explores and analyses the ways in which our ancient genes contend with, and influence, modern human life. It offers coverage of the points of contact between evolutionary biology and medical science.

Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries - 2016

Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries - 2016
  • Author : International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department,International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department,International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release : 23 November 2016
GET THIS BOOKMacroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Developing Countries - 2016

This paper is the third in a series assessing macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income developing countries (LIDCs). The first of these papers (IMF, 2014a) examined trends during 2000–2014, a period of sustained strong growth across most LIDCs. The second paper (IMF, 2015a) focused on the impact of the drop in global commodity prices since mid-2014 on LIDCs—a story with losers (countries dependent on commodity exports, notably fuel) and winners (countries with a more diverse export base, where growth remained

Mapping Vulnerability

Mapping Vulnerability
  • Author : Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 17 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKMapping Vulnerability

International Investment for Sustainable Development critically examines the interface between sustainability, development, and the governance of international investment. It challenges the conventional view that foreign direct investment is a 'miracle drug' for developing countries and exposes serious shortcomings in the current international investment regime. Composed of norms, agreements, treaties and regulations, the emerging investment regime expands the rights of transnational corporations (TNCs) without commensurate rewards for the common good. Drawing on both research and engaged advocacy, the contributors ultimately map

Climate Change and World Food Security

Climate Change and World Food Security
  • Author : Thomas E. Downing
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 29 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKClimate Change and World Food Security

In the last half decade since sustainable development became a serious objective, what have we achieved? Are livelihoods more secure? Are nations wealthier and more resilient? Is environmental quality being restored or maintained? These are essential questions of development. Their answers are many, varied between communities and regions, even between individuals. Two years ago, in the aftermath of the Earth Summit and ratification of the Framework Convention on Climate Change, but before the first Conference of Parties, I participated in

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters

Rebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters
  • Author : Ingrid Johnston
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 11 May 2016
GET THIS BOOKRebuilding Sustainable Communities after Disasters

What would you do if a category five monster cyclone was headed your way? Drive as far as you could, as quickly as you could in the opposite direction? What if there were no cars? What if there were no roads? What if you were on a tiny island? What if there was nowhere to run to? How would you feel, knowing that when it was over it could be weeks before anyone came to help? Thousands of people live

Rockburst

Rockburst
  • Author : Xia-Ting Feng
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 19 October 2017
GET THIS BOOKRockburst

Rockburst: Mechanisms, Monitoring, Warning and Mitigation invites the most relevant researchers and practitioners worldwide to discuss the rock mechanics phenomenon related to increased stress and energy levels in intact rock introduced by drilling, explosion, blasting and other activities. When critical energy levels are reached, rockbursts can occur causing human and material losses in mining and tunneling environments. This book is the most comprehensive information source in English to cover rockbursts. Comprised of four main parts, the book covers in detail