Fault Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. These include geological investigation of the active and fossil faults, physical and chemical features obtained by the laboratory experiments, as well as the seismological estimation from seismic waveforms. Earthquake dynamic rupture can now be modeled using numerical simulations on the basis of field and laboratory observations, which should be very useful for understanding earthquake rupture dynamics. Features: * First overview of new and improved techniques in the study of earthquake faulting * Broad coverage * Full color Benefits: * A must-have for all geophysicists who work on earthquake dynamics * Single resource for all aspects of earthquake dynamics (from lab measurements to seismological observations to numerical modelling) * Bridges the disciplines of seismology, structural geology and rock mechanics * Helps readers to understand and interpret graphs and maps Also has potential use as a supplementary resource for upper division and graduate geophysics courses.

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  • Author : Eiichi Fukuyama
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 336 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080922461
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKFault Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics
  • Author : Eiichi Fukuyama
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 24 April 2009
GET THIS BOOKFault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. These include geological investigation of the active and fossil faults, physical and chemical features obtained by the laboratory experiments, as well as the seismological estimation from seismic waveforms. Earthquake dynamic rupture can now be modeled using numerical simulations on the basis of field and laboratory observations, which should

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes
  • Author : Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 12 July 2017
GET THIS BOOKFault Zone Dynamic Processes

Why do earthquakes happen? What properties control the dynamic rupture and what are the processes at play? Chapters in the present volume capture the current state of the art by displaying an overview of the existing knowledge on the physics of dynamic faulting and promote multidisciplinary contributions on the observational and experimental fault fabric and mechanics, the evolution of fault zone physical and chemical properties, dynamic rupture processes and physically, and observationally, consistent numerical modeling of fault zone during seismic

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes
  • Author : Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 19 June 2017
GET THIS BOOKFault Zone Dynamic Processes

Earthquakes are some of the most dynamic features of the Earth. This multidisciplinary volume presents an overview of earthquake processes and properties including the physics of dynamic faulting, fault fabric and mechanics, physical and chemical properties of fault zones, dynamic rupture processes, and numerical modeling of fault zones during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: • What are the dynamic processes recorded in fault gouge? • What can we learn about rupture dynamics from laboratory experiments? • How do on-fault and

Poro-Elasto-Plastic Off-Fault Response and Dynamics of Earthquake Faulting

Poro-Elasto-Plastic Off-Fault Response and Dynamics of Earthquake Faulting
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 25 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKPoro-Elasto-Plastic Off-Fault Response and Dynamics of Earthquake Faulting

Previous models of earthquake rupture dynamics have neglected interesting deformational properties of fault zone materials. While most current studies involving off-fault inelastic deformation employ simple brittle failure yield criteria such as the Drucker-Prager yield criterion, the material surrounding the fault plane itself, known as fault gouge, has the tendency to deform in a ductile manner accompanied by compaction. We incorporate this behavior into a new constitutive model of undrained fault gouge in a dynamic rupture model. Dynamic compaction of undrained

Earthquake Research and Analysis

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  • Author : Sebastiano D'Amico
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 08 February 2012
GET THIS BOOKEarthquake Research and Analysis

This book is devoted to different aspects of earthquake research. Depending on their magnitude and the placement of the hypocenter, earthquakes have the potential to be very destructive. Given that they can cause significant losses and deaths, it is really important to understand the process and the physics of this phenomenon. This book does not focus on a unique problem in earthquake processes, but spans studies on historical earthquakes and seismology in different tectonic environments, to more applied studies on

Classic Concepts and New Directions

Classic Concepts and New Directions
  • Author : Lon D. Abbott,Gregory S. Hancock
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 16 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKClassic Concepts and New Directions

"This guide's 14 chapters, which span the Rocky Mountain region's 1.7-billion-year history, give a retrospective glimpse of early geologic ideas being forged, bring the latest mapping and analytical results from classic locations, and introduce techniques that will form the bedrock of our geologic understanding in the years to come"--

Tsunami Generation and Propagation

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  • Author : Tatsuhiko Saito
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 23 January 2019
GET THIS BOOKTsunami Generation and Propagation

This book introduces a framework of tsunami modelling from generation to propagation, aimed at application to the new observation started in Japan after the devastating tsunami of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. About 150 seismic and tsunami sensors were deployed in a wide region off the Pacific coast of eastern Japan in order to catch tsunami generation inside the focal area, which makes a clear departure from conventional observations that detect tsunamis far from the source region. In order to exploit the full

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  • Author : Åke Fagereng,Virginia G. Toy,Julie V. Rowland
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 25 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKGeology of the Earthquake Source

Professor Richard (Rick) Sibson revolutionized structural geology by illustrating that fault rocks contain an integrated record of earthquakes. Fault-rock textures develop in response to geological and physical variables such as composition, environmental conditions (e.g. temperature and pressure), fluid presence and strain rate. These parameters also determine the rate- and state-variable frictional stability of a fault, the dominant mineral deformation mechanism and shear strength, and ultimately control the partitioning between seismic and aseismic deformation. This volume contains a collection of

Storm and Cloud Dynamics

Storm and Cloud Dynamics
  • Author : William R. Cotton,George Bryan,Susan C. van den Heever
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 21 December 2010
GET THIS BOOKStorm and Cloud Dynamics

This book focuses on the dynamics of clouds and of precipitating mesoscale meteorological systems. Clouds and precipitating mesoscale systems represent some of the most important and scientifically exciting weather systems in the world. These are the systems that produce torrential rains, severe winds including downburst and tornadoes, hail, thunder and lightning, and major snow storms. Forecasting such storms represents a major challenge since they are too small to be adequately resolved by conventional observing networks and numerical prediction models. * Provides

Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform

Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform
  • Author : Alfred Osborne
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 07 April 2010
GET THIS BOOKNonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform

For more than 200 years, the Fourier Transform has been one of the most important mathematical tools for understanding the dynamics of linear wave trains. Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform presents the development of the nonlinear Fourier analysis of measured space and time series, which can be found in a wide variety of physical settings including surface water waves, internal waves, and equatorial Rossby waves. This revolutionary development will allow hyperfast numerical modelling of nonlinear waves, greatly advancing

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics
  • Author : Ioannis Stefanou,Jean Sulem
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 12 March 2021
GET THIS BOOKInstabilities Modeling in Geomechanics

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics describes complex mechanisms which are frequently met in earthquake nucleation, geothermal energy production, nuclear waste disposal and CO2 sequestration. These mechanisms involve systems of non-linear differential equations that express the evolution of the geosystem (e.g. strain localization, temperature runaway, pore pressure build-up, etc.) at different length and time scales. In order to study the evolution of a system and possible instabilities, it is essential to know the mathematical properties of the governing equations. Therefore, questions

The Earth's Ionosphere

The Earth's Ionosphere
  • Author : Michael C. Kelley
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 12 June 2009
GET THIS BOOKThe Earth's Ionosphere

Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics

Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology
  • Author : James P. McCalpin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 02 July 2009
GET THIS BOOKPaleoseismology

Paleoseismology has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. * Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology * Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Fault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics
  • Author : Eiichi Fukuyama
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 06 April 2009
GET THIS BOOKFault-Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. These include geological investigation of the active and fossil faults, physical and chemical features obtained by the laboratory experiments, as well as the seismological estimation from seismic waveforms. Earthquake dynamic rupture can now be modeled using numerical simulations on the basis of field and laboratory observations, which should