Forensic Epidemiology

It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a death following a fall), there are many cases that present a more complicated picture. It is these types of investigations, in which an analysis of comparative levels of risk from competing causes is needed to arrive at a reliable and accurate determination of the most likely cause, that forensic epidemiology (FE) is directed at. In Forensic Epidemiology, the authors present the legal and scientific theories underlying the methods by which risk is used in the investigation of individual causation. Methods and principles from epidemiology are combined with those from a multitude of other disciplines, including general medicine, pharmacology, forensic pathology, biostatistics, and biomechanics, inter alia, as a basis for investigating the plausibility of injury and disease exposures and mechanisms. The ultimate determination of the probability of causation (PC) results from an assessment of the strength of association of the investigated relationship in the individual, based on a comparison between the risk of disease or injury from the investigated exposure versus the risk of the same disease or injury occurring at the same point in time in the individual, but absent the exposure. The principles and methods described in Forensic Epidemiology will be of interest to those who work and study in the fields of forensic medicine, epidemiology, and the law. Historical perspective on how epidemiologic evidence of causation has been used in courts in the US and Europe Theory and science underlying the use of risk to assess individual causation Primer on epidemiologic methods, and various measures used to arrive at individualized comparative risk assessments and PC The use of statistical methods applied to publicly available data for ad hoc analysis of PC applicable to the specific circumstances of a case Background on complementary disciplines, including forensic pathology, death investigation, biomechanics, and survival analysis Examples of applied FE in the investigation of traffic injury and death, automotive and other product defect litigation, medical negligence, and criminal prosecution and defense

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  • Author : Michael Freeman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 434 pages
  • ISBN : 0124046444
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Michael Freeman,Maurice Zeegers
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 10 March 2016
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 08 May 2007
GET THIS BOOKCase Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Epidemiology has often been defined as the study of the distribution of disease, together with the distribution of factors that may modify that risk of disease. As such, epidemiology has often been reduced to a methodology only, providing a mechanism for the study of disease that is somehow removed, separate and apart from the populations that serve as its focus. Epidemiology, however, is much more than that. The discipline p- vides a way of perceiving and knowing the world, and

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Steven A. Koehler,Peggy A. Brown
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 26 August 2009
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

After 9/11, forensic epidemiology emerged as a leading investigative tool, partnering public health officers with law enforcement like never before. Based on the authors’ first-hand experience, Forensic Epidemiology brings to light the vast amounts of information collected by medical examiners that will be useful in advancing death investigation techniques among the forensic science, public health, and law enforcement fields. This practical resource begins with a brief overview of epidemiological science and the history of forensic epidemiology before examining the multiple functions

Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context

Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology in the Global Context

As globalization causes profound changes in business, industry, and trade,it can also have significant effects on populations, environments, and individuals.These effects may be harmful, resulting in injury or illness, prompting the critical question: How best to correct wrongs caused to individuals, communities, and/or the environment of one country by the actions of individuals or corporations of another? Possible answers lie in an emerging discipline. Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context opens meaningful windows onto the processes of

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 25 October 2010
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Events on local, national, and international levels have highlighted the need for joint investigation and collaboration between public health and law enforcement. Domestic violence and partner homicide, intentional infection of individuals with HIV, and the anthrax attacks of 2001 are examples that underscore the need for forensic epidemiology in the investigation of criminal acts. Forensic Epidemiology focuses specifically on the integration of the principles and methods of epidemiology with law enforcement functions in the administrative and criminal contexts. Ideal for students

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : SIU Press
  • Release : 28 October 1999
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Sana Loue explores the concepts of legal and epidemiological causation, the use of epidemiological data based on populations to determine causation in an individual case, and the use of epidemiological evidence in litigation, including the reliance on experts and expert witnesses. Loue provides a guide for the attorney with little or no background in epidemiological theory and for the epidemiologist contemplating a new role as an expert witness. She assumes of her readers a working knowledge of the Federal Rules

Review of

Review of
  • Author : J. Sanders
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 28 October 2021
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This volume is intended to be a textbook on the intersection of law and epidemiology. The book is divided into four parts: epidemiology in the courtroom, epidemiology in legislation and administrative rule making, community organization and advocacy group use of epidemiology in advocacy efforts designed to change law, and a final section on the role of epidemiological research in social debates about deviance. Each part of the book includes an introductory chapter that sets forth general issues, followed by two "

Forensic Science and Law

Forensic Science and Law
  • Author : Cyril H. Wecht,John T. Rago
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 22 December 2005
GET THIS BOOKForensic Science and Law

Forensic science has undergone dramatic progress in recent years, including in the areas of DNA collection and analysis and the reconstruction of crime scenes. However, too few professionals are equipped with the knowledge necessary to fully apply the potential of science in civil, criminal, and family legal matters. Featuring contributions from renowned experts in the forensic, scientific, and legal professions, Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice communicates the wide range of methods and approaches

Defense Against Biological Attacks

Defense Against Biological Attacks
  • Author : Sunit K. Singh,Jens H. Kuhn
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 30 March 2019
GET THIS BOOKDefense Against Biological Attacks

This first volume of a two-volume set describes general aspects, such as the historical view on the topic, the role of information distribution and preparedness of health-care systems and preparedness in emergency cases. Part two describes and discusseses in detail the pathogens and toxins that are potentially used for biological attacks. As such, the book is a valuable resource for faculties engaged in molecular biology, genetic engineering, neurology, biodefense, biosafety & biosecurity, virology, and infectious disease programs, as well as professional

Essential Forensic Pathology

Essential Forensic Pathology
  • Author : Gilbert Corrigan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 14 February 2012
GET THIS BOOKEssential Forensic Pathology

A myriad of different scenarios await those entering the field of forensic pathology, ranging from gunshot wounds to asphyxiation to explosives to death from addiction. Essential Forensic Pathology: Core Studies and Exercises helps prepare pathologists in training by establishing what they must know about the most common death scenes they will encounter. The book begins by discussing the coaching objectives in medical education and follows with a description of the 15 different rotations of the forensic pathology resident. Using a consistent