Forensic Epidemiology

It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a death following a fall), there are many cases that present a more complicated picture. It is these types of investigations, in which an analysis of comparative levels of risk from competing causes is needed to arrive at a reliable and accurate determination of the most likely cause, that forensic epidemiology (FE) is directed at. In Forensic Epidemiology, the authors present the legal and scientific theories underlying the methods by which risk is used in the investigation of individual causation. Methods and principles from epidemiology are combined with those from a multitude of other disciplines, including general medicine, pharmacology, forensic pathology, biostatistics, and biomechanics, inter alia, as a basis for investigating the plausibility of injury and disease exposures and mechanisms. The ultimate determination of the probability of causation (PC) results from an assessment of the strength of association of the investigated relationship in the individual, based on a comparison between the risk of disease or injury from the investigated exposure versus the risk of the same disease or injury occurring at the same point in time in the individual, but absent the exposure. The principles and methods described in Forensic Epidemiology will be of interest to those who work and study in the fields of forensic medicine, epidemiology, and the law. Historical perspective on how epidemiologic evidence of causation has been used in courts in the US and Europe Theory and science underlying the use of risk to assess individual causation Primer on epidemiologic methods, and various measures used to arrive at individualized comparative risk assessments and PC The use of statistical methods applied to publicly available data for ad hoc analysis of PC applicable to the specific circumstances of a case Background on complementary disciplines, including forensic pathology, death investigation, biomechanics, and survival analysis Examples of applied FE in the investigation of traffic injury and death, automotive and other product defect litigation, medical negligence, and criminal prosecution and defense

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  • Author : Michael Freeman
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 434 pages
  • ISBN : 0124046444
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Michael Freeman,Maurice Zeegers
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 10 March 2016
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

It is an inescapable fact that causation, both generally (in populations), and specifically (in individuals), cannot be observed. Rather, causation is determined when it can be inferred that the risk of an observed injury or disease from a plausible cause is greater than the risk from other plausible causes. While many causal evaluations performed in forensic medicine are simplified by the fact that the circumstances surrounding the onset of an injury or disease clearly rules out competing causes (eg, a

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Steven A. Koehler,Peggy A. Brown
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 26 August 2009
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

After 9/11, forensic epidemiology emerged as a leading investigative tool, partnering public health officers with law enforcement like never before. Based on the authors’ first-hand experience, Forensic Epidemiology brings to light the vast amounts of information collected by medical examiners that will be useful in advancing death investigation techniques among the forensic science, public health, and law enforcement fields. This practical resource begins with a brief overview of epidemiological science and the history of forensic epidemiology before examining the multiple functions

Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context

Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 02 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology in the Global Context

As globalization causes profound changes in business, industry, and trade,it can also have significant effects on populations, environments, and individuals.These effects may be harmful, resulting in injury or illness, prompting the critical question: How best to correct wrongs caused to individuals, communities, and/or the environment of one country by the actions of individuals or corporations of another? Possible answers lie in an emerging discipline. Forensic Epidemiology in the Global Context opens meaningful windows onto the processes of

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 03 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKCase Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Epidemiology has often been defined as the study of the distribution of disease, together with the distribution of factors that may modify that risk of disease. As such, epidemiology has often been reduced to a methodology only, providing a mechanism for the study of disease that is somehow removed, separate and apart from the populations that serve as its focus. Epidemiology, however, is much more than that. The discipline p- vides a way of perceiving and knowing the world, and

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Case Studies in Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 08 May 2007
GET THIS BOOKCase Studies in Forensic Epidemiology

Epidemiology has often been defined as the study of the distribution of disease, together with the distribution of factors that may modify that risk of disease. As such, epidemiology has often been reduced to a methodology only, providing a mechanism for the study of disease that is somehow removed, separate and apart from the populations that serve as its focus. Epidemiology, however, is much more than that. The discipline p- vides a way of perceiving and knowing the world, and

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release : 25 October 2010
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Events on local, national, and international levels have highlighted the need for joint investigation and collaboration between public health and law enforcement. Domestic violence and partner homicide, intentional infection of individuals with HIV, and the anthrax attacks of 2001 are examples that underscore the need for forensic epidemiology in the investigation of criminal acts. Forensic Epidemiology focuses specifically on the integration of the principles and methods of epidemiology with law enforcement functions in the administrative and criminal contexts. Ideal for students

Forensic Epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : SIU Press
  • Release : 22 June 1999
GET THIS BOOKForensic Epidemiology

Sana Loue explores the concepts of legal and epidemiological causation, the use of epidemiological data based on populations to determine causation in an individual case, and the use of epidemiological evidence in litigation, including the reliance on experts and expert witnesses. Loue provides a guide for the attorney with little or no background in epidemiological theory and for the epidemiologist contemplating a new role as an expert witness. She assumes of her readers a working knowledge of the Federal Rules

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace
  • Author : Richard Graveling
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 25 October 2018
GET THIS BOOKErgonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace

Whether you call them work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), cumulative trauma disorders (CTDS), or occupational overuse syndromes (OOSs), these conditions are a cause of pain, disability and suffering to workers worldwide. These designations often imply that their causes are related to work, but the supporting evidence can be unclear. Transparency is important, especially when it is necessary to form a connection with work factors to obtain treatment or compensation. This book addresses the dilemma. Written by a professional ergonomist with

Microbial Forensics

Microbial Forensics
  • Author : Bruce Budowle,Steven E. Schutzer,Stephen A. Morse
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 November 2019
GET THIS BOOKMicrobial Forensics

Microbial Forensics, Third Edition, serves as a complete reference on the discipline, describing the advances, challenges and opportunities that are integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. New chapters include: Microbial Source Tracking, Clinical Recognition, Bioinformatics, and Quality Assurance. This book is intended for a wide audience, but will be indispensable to forensic scientists and researchers interested in contributing to the growing field of microbial forensics. Biologists and microbiologists, the legal and judicial system, and the international community

Methods in Field Epidemiology

Methods in Field Epidemiology
  • Author : Pia D. M. MacDonald
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release : 17 August 2011
GET THIS BOOKMethods in Field Epidemiology

This unique guidebook covers all aspects of practical field epidemiologic investigation. It explains the requirements, defines terms, and illustrates many examples of how to undertake the tasks of the public health epidemiologist during a field investigation. Unlike other texts of its kind, it breaks down each function of field epidemiology to its constituent parts and thoroughly answers questions related to them. Topics include: public health surveillance; qualifying a potential outbreak; assembling and equipping a team; hypothesis generation and descriptive epidemiology;

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 29 September 2015
GET THIS BOOKEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volumes 1-4, Second Edition is a pioneering four volume encyclopedia compiled by an international team of forensic specialists who explore the relationship between law, medicine, and science in the study of forensics. This important work includes over three hundred state-of-the-art chapters, with articles covering crime-solving techniques such as autopsies, ballistics, fingerprinting, hair and fiber analysis, and the sophisticated procedures associated with terrorism investigations, forensic chemistry, DNA, and immunoassays. Available online, and in four printed

Critical Epidemiology and the People's Health

Critical Epidemiology and the People's Health
  • Author : Jaime Breilh
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 15 January 2021
GET THIS BOOKCritical Epidemiology and the People's Health

"A groundbreaking approach to critical epidemiology for understanding the complexity of the health process and studying the social determination of health. A powerful critique of Cartesian health sciences, of the flaws of "functional health determinants" model, and of reductionist approaches to health statistics, qualitative research and conventional health geography. A consolidated and well sustained essay that explains the role of social-gender-ethnic relations in the reproduction of health inequity, proposing a new paradigm with indispensible concepts and methodological means to develop