Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Behavior is shaped by both genetics and experience--nature and nurture. This book synthesizes research from behavioral genetics and animal and veterinary science, bridging the gap between these fields. The objective is to show that principles of behavioral genetics have practical applications to agricultural and companion animals. The continuing domestication of animals is a complex process whose myriad impacts on animal behavior are commonly under-appreciated. Genetic factors play a significant role in both species-specific behaviors and behavioral differences exhibited by individuals in the same species. Leading authorities explore the impact of increased intensities of selection on domestic animal behavior. Rodents, cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, herding and guard dogs, and poultry are all included in these discussions of genetics and behavior, making this book useful to veterinarians, livestock producers, laboratory animal researchers and technicians, animal trainers and breeders, and any researcher interested in animal behavior. Includes four new chapters on dog and fox behavior, pig behavior, the effects of domestication and horse behavior Synthesizes research from behavioral genetics, animal science, and veterinary literature Broaches fields of behavior genetics and behavioral research Includes practical applications of principles discovered by behavioral genetics researchers Covers many species ranging from pigs, dogs, foxes, rodents, cattle, horses, and cats

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  • Author : Temple Grandin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 496 pages
  • ISBN : 0124055087
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Temple Grandin,Mark J. Deesing
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Behavior is shaped by both genetics and experience--nature and nurture. This book synthesizes research from behavioral genetics and animal and veterinary science, bridging the gap between these fields. The objective is to show that principles of behavioral genetics have practical applications to agricultural and companion animals. The continuing domestication of animals is a complex process whose myriad impacts on animal behavior are commonly under-appreciated. Genetic factors play a significant role in both species-specific behaviors and behavioral differences exhibited by individuals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Temple Grandin,Mark J. Deesing
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Over-selection for production traits has caused animal welfare problems such as feather pecking in hens, tail biting in pigs, and overly aggressive animals. In dogs, over-selection for appearance traits has caused neurological problems such as deafness. Both feather pecking and tail biting may be displaced foraging behaviors, because these behaviors are reduced by providing foraging materials such as straw. Another problem is hunger in broiler breeder hens and breeding sows. Animals that have been selected for rapid growth are also

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Kathryn Lord,Lorna Coppinger,Raymond Coppinger
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

The domestic dog has many phenotypic and behavioral forms. In this chapter we describe five different kinds of dogs and how each has been derived. We trace the background village dog adapting to the age of agriculture, with the coincident transformation of human behavior to permanent settlement. Over centuries, this village dog has changed, adapting to its different geographies and to local agricultural activities. In tandem, people began sorting through the village populations for dogs with appropriate behaviors, and these

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Temple Grandin,Mark J. Deesing
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 14 July 2016
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Behavior is shaped by both genetics and experience--nature and nurture. This book synthesizes research from behavioral genetics and animal and veterinary science, bridging the gap between these fields. The objective is to show that principles of behavioral genetics have practical applications to agricultural and companion animals. The continuing domestication of animals is a complex process whose myriad impacts on animal behavior are commonly under-appreciated. Genetic factors play a significant role in both species-specific behaviors and behavioral differences exhibited by individuals

Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists

Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists
  • Author : Katherine A. Houpt
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 04 January 2018
GET THIS BOOKDomestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists

Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists, Sixth Edition is a fully updated revision of this popular, classic text offering a thorough understanding of the normal behavior of domestic animals. Provides a complete understanding of the normal behavior of domestic animals Covers dogs, cats, horses, pigs, sheep, cattle, and goats Describes all key aspects of animal behavior, with images to support the concepts Revised and updated to cover the latest thinking, with enhanced coverage of behavioral genetics, animal cognition,

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Per Jensen,Dominic Wright
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

In this chapter, we begin by defining domestication as a genetic process, whereby animals change phenotypically and genetically as a response to living under human supervision. This has caused a convergent set of phenotypic modifications across numerous different species, through a combination of relaxed natural selection, increased human selection, and correlated responses. The genetic mechanisms underlying these processes are discussed in addition to genetic drift and inbreeding. The driving types of mutations are dealt with, as is the way in

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Jean Michel Faure,Andrew D. Mills
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

In these classic experiments, quail chicks were selectively bred for the behavioral traits of fear and social reinstatement. Over a period of 20 generations, four separate genetic lines were created. They were high and low fear and high and low social re-instatement. The duration of tonic immobility was used as a measure of fear and social reinstatement was measured with a treadmill test. In this test, the time that a bird will walk on a treadmill to stay close to its

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Mark J. Deesing,Temple Grandin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Since the late 1990s there has been a substantial increase in horse behavior genetics research. This chapter reviews recent work in molecular genetics, pre-and postnatal effects on behavior, the relationship between hair whorls and temperament, and lateralization in the nervous system. These factors are critical to understanding individual differences. Advancements in molecular genetics have identified genes associated with novelty seeking and gaited horse traits. Foal “imprint” training procedures are reviewed, and a gentle method for training foals is presented. Finding

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Lotta Rydhmer,Laurianne Canario
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Research in behavioral genetics is important for pig welfare. Consequences of the ongoing selection for high production on pigs’ behavior need to be studied, as well as possibilities to select directly for changed behavior. The Farm Animal Welfare Council’s definition of welfare is based on five freedoms related to hunger and thirst, discomfort, pain, injury or disease, fear and distress and normal behavior. All these freedoms are associated with pig behavior. Maternal behavior related to piglet survival and aggressive

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Anna V. Kukekova,Lyudmila N. Trut,Gregory M. Acland
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Dog domestication involved long-term genetic selection for behavior. The genetics-centered view of domestication is supported by experimental selection of farm-foxes (Vulpes vulpes) that began in the 1950s. Selection of foxes, separately, for tame and for aggressive behavior, has yielded two strains with markedly different, genetically determined behavioral phenotypes. Tame-strain foxes communicate with humans in a positive manner and are eager to establish human contact. Foxes from aggressive strains are aggressive to humans and difficult to handle. Although selected solely for

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Alain Boissy,Hans W. Erhard
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

This chapter provides an overview of the current behavioral and cognitive aspects of emotions in animals and explore the impacts of emotional experiences on the animal's adaptation to its current challenging circumstances. There is evidence that animal welfare results from the animal's perception of its environment and its background. The chapter is structured in four complementary sections. The first one addresses the nature of emotions that the animals can feel which is validated from commonalties in physiological and behavioral responses

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Temple Grandin,Mark J. Deesing
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Different tests have been developed for evaluating the temperament of cattle, pigs, and sheep and some studies appear to have conflicting results. This may be due to confusion between the basic emotional systems of fear and separation distress (panic). Methods used for temperament tests can alter results such as how tightly an animal is restrained in a squeeze chute during temperament evaluation. Animals with a more reactive (fearful) temperament will exhibit greater agitated behavioral reactions when suddenly confronted with novel

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : William M. Muir,Heng Wei Cheng
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Many behaviors in poultry can be modified by genetic selection. Selection of laying hens for maximum egg production had the unfortunate side effect of increased rates of beak inflicted damage on other birds. Selective breeding has eliminated broodiness and has either increased or decreased other behaviors, such as hysteria, fearfulness, appetite in broilers, social dominance, ability and damage to other birds. Genetic selection can be used to reduce behaviors that cause welfare problems. However, it must be approached with caution

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals
  • Author : Peter J. Chenoweth,Antonio J. Landaeta-Hernández,Cornelia Flöercke
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKGenetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals

This chapter describes the reproductive and maternal behaviors of different livestock species (cattle, horses, pigs, goats, and water buffalo) with an emphasis on those traits which are genetically conserved. All of the species discussed are polygynous and promiscuous, and females undergo estrous cycles in which males are mainly attracted by movement and posture cues. Major differences in both reproductive and maternal behaviors are observed between “prey” and “predator” type species. Genetic variation also occurs within species, with breed and line

Principles and Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior

Principles and Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior
  • Author : Edward O. Price
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 22 June 2021
GET THIS BOOKPrinciples and Applications of Domestic Animal Behavior

In order to understand and manage animals in their natural or captive environments we must first understand why animals do what they do and recognize limitations in their ability to adapt to different environments. Drawing on the author's considerable experience in both teaching and research, this introductory-level textbook describes the basic principles underlying animal behavior and how those concepts can be used in managing the care of domestic and captive wild animals, covering four key themes: development of behavior, biological