Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization to help generate a complete account of learning and memory. Edited by two leaders in the field, Invertebrate Learning and Memory will offer a current and comprehensive review, with chapters authored by experts in each topic. The volume will take a multidisciplinary approach, exploring behavioral, cellular, genetic, molecular, and computational investigations of memory. Coverage will include comparative cognition at the behavioral and mechanistic level, developments in concepts and methodologies that will underlie future advancements, and mechanistic examples from the most important vertebrate systems (nematodes, molluscs, and insects). Neuroscience researchers and graduate students with an interest in the neural control of cognitive behavior will benefit, as will as will those in the field of invertebrate learning. Presents an overview of invertebrate studies at the molecular / cellular / neural levels and correlates findings to mammalian behavioral investigations Linking multidisciplinary approaches allows for full understanding of how molecular changes in neurons and circuits underpin behavioral plasticity Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for comparative learning and memory researchers

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Randolf Menzel
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 600 pages
  • ISBN : 012398260X
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Randolf Menzel,Paul Benjamin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Understanding how memories are induced and maintained is one of the major outstanding questions in modern neuroscience. This is difficult to address in the mammalian brain due to its enormous complexity, and invertebrates offer major advantages for learning and memory studies because of their relative simplicity. Many important discoveries made in invertebrates have been found to be generally applicable to higher organisms, and the overarching theme of the proposed will be to integrate information from different levels of neural organization

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Randolf Menzel,Paul R. Benjamin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

In 1984, Hawkins and Kandel published a seminal paper titled “Is There a Cell-Biological Alphabet for Simple Forms of Learning?” Based on their early findings of the cooperative regulation of adenylyl cyclase in sensory neurons of Aplysia, an overarching concept was presented which opened our mind to molecular mechanisms of experience-dependent neural plasticity. Several basic forms of nonassociative and associative learning (habituation, sensitization, and classical conditioning) were explained on the level of rather simple molecular reaction cascades in specific neurons. At

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Dorothea Eisenhardt
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

The behavioral phenomenon of extinction resembles the decrease of a conditioned behavior when animals experience the presentation of a previously reinforced stimulus. In honeybees, extinction is studied in an appetitive learning paradigm, the olfactory conditioning of the proboscis extension response. Here, I describe recent work on extinction in honeybees (Apis mellifera) and its underlying molecular mechanisms. I demonstrate that extinction in honeybees shares behavioral and molecular similarities with extinction in vertebrates, and I discuss whether these similarities might indicate that

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Alan Gelperin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Terrestrial slugs and snails are particularly favorable subjects for studies of comparative cognition. Chemosensation is their dominant distance sense for locating food, mates, predators, and nest sites. A variety of conditioning phenomena have been demonstrated using odors as conditioned stimuli, including higher order conditioning such as second-order conditioning and blocking. Learning has been evaluated by measuring local reflexes and whole body orientation to odors. Behaviors with learned components involve homeostatic mechanisms for water, temperature, nutrition, and circadian activity. Cellular substrates

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Paul R. Benjamin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Understanding how network mechanisms contribute to behavioral plasticity is a key objective in learning and memory studies. This is likely to be complex because the different types of synaptic and nonsynaptic (cellular and neuronal) changes that underlie memory are known to occur at multiple locations within the neural network. Determining how these multiple changes are integrated to generate network correlates of learning is the major goal of a systems analysis. Gastropod mollusks offer the advantage that behavioral plasticity can be

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : György Kemenes
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Lymnaea provides highly valuable experimental models for top-down analyses of associative learning and memory. Using classical conditioning paradigms, molecular mechanisms of consolidation, maintenance, retrieval, and reconsolidation of associative memory have been investigated. Long-term memory (LTM) forms after multitrial reward and aversive conditioning but, unusually, also after single-trial reward conditioning (“flashbulb memory”). Molecular mechanisms of LTM involve highly conserved signaling pathways (NO/cGMP, cAMP/PKA, MAPK, NMDA receptors, and CaMKII), transcriptional regulation of gene expression by CREB and C/EBP, and

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Binyamin Hochner,Tal Shomrat
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Cephalopod mollusks such as octopus, cuttlefish, and squid (coleoids) are of special interest for studying the evolution and function of learning and memory mechanisms at the system level. They are believed to have the most advanced cognitive behaviors of all invertebrates, rivaling the abilities of many vertebrates. The phylum Mollusca shows the most diversified range of behavioral complexity among the invertebrates, with behavioral complexity correlating roughly with the size of the nervous system (a few thousand vs. half a billion

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Stevanus Rio Tedjakumala,Martin Giurfa
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Studies on learning and memory in honeybees have been historically framed in an appetitive context because bees learn remarkably well about sensory stimuli if these are associated with food. We review studies in which bees learn about olfactory stimuli associated with the noxious stimulation of an electric shock. In response to such stimulation, bees exhibit a sting extension response (SER). Pairing a neutral odor with shock results in associative learning so that bees exhibit conditioned SER to the originally neutral

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Martin Giurfa,Randolf Menzel
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

The behavior of insects transcends elementary forms of adaptive responding to environmental changes. We discuss examples of exploration, instrumental and observational learning, expectation, learning in a social context, and planning of future actions. We show that learning about sensory cues allows insects to transfer flexibly their responses to novel stimuli attaining thereby different levels of complexity, from basic generalization to categorization and concept learning consistent with rule extraction. We argue that updating of existing memories requires multiple forms of memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Ludovic Dickel,Anne-Sophie Darmaillacq,Christelle Jozet-Alves,Cécile Bellanger
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

This chapter summarizes the literature on the anatomical and functional organization of the cuttlefish brain, with a focus on the structures involved in learning and memory processes (namely the vertical lobe system and optic lobes). Also, different learning paradigms that are commonly used in Sepia officinalis are described with, when possible, their neural correlates. Recent work on the early development of brain and memory is also reviewed. Some research directions to follow in the field of neurobiology of learning and

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Shin Murakami
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Age-related memory impairment (AMI), also called aging associated memory impairment, is a normal condition observed in a wide variety of species from Caenorhabditis elegans to human. AMI occurs unexpectedly early during the reproductive phase, which may be a tradeoff relevant to evolution. An important but frequently missed concept is that the early phase of AMI is associated with reduced memory of new information but also with well-retained memory of certain old information, leading to a shift of behavioral plasticity. Early

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Ken Lukowiak,Sarah Dalesman
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Stress can alter adaptive behaviors and also either enhance or diminish learning, memory formation, and/or memory recall. We focus our studies on how environmentally relevant stressors such as predator detection, crowding, and low concentrations of environmental Ca2+ alter learning and long-term memory (LTM) formation in the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis. We specifically focus on operant conditioning of aerial respiration and whether or not LTM forms following the acquisition of the learned event. In addition, we have begun to assay

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : David L. Glanzman
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

The marine snail Aplysia californica exhibits a simple defensive withdrawal reflex that can undergo several forms of learning. In particular, the reflex can exhibit long-term sensitization (LTS), a form of nonassociative memory. LTS is mediated by long-term facilitation (LTF) of the monosynaptic connection between the sensory and motor neurons that mediate the withdrawal reflex. LTS and LTF represent one of the best understood model systems of long-term memory extent. Furthermore, discoveries from work on this system have provided fundamental insights

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Aike Guo,Huimin Lu,Ke Zhang,Qingzhong Ren,Yah-Num Chiang Wong
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Learning and memory are intensively studied topics in modern brain and cognitive science. Drosophila has been used in the study of visual learning and memory for approximately the past 20 years. In this chapter, we discuss the architecture and function of fruit fly’s visual system, which provides it with the sensory and neural substrate for color, motion, and shape vision. We then discuss visual learning, visual memory, invariant pattern recognition, selective attention, choice behavior, context generalization, spatial learning, habit formation,

Invertebrate Learning and Memory

Invertebrate Learning and Memory
  • Author : Andrea H. McEwan,Catharine H. Rankin
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 18 June 2013
GET THIS BOOKInvertebrate Learning and Memory

Despite its apparent simplicity, the soil-dwelling nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has a surprisingly large capacity to learn and remember. Previous characterization of C. elegans genome and neuronal circuit makes this worm an ideal choice for studying behavior and the mechanisms that underlie it. Through careful behavioral and genetic studies, nematodes have been shown to form both short-term and long-term memory in associative and nonassociative training paradigms. Investigations of mechanosensory habituation and context-dependent learning in C. elegans have uncovered important similarities between