Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants

Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

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  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 432 pages
  • ISBN : 0857096478
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKIrradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels RPVs in Nuclear Power Plants

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Naoki Soneda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 01 September 2014
GET THIS BOOKIrradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants

Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and

Effects of Nickel on Irradiation Embrittlement of Light Water Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

Effects of Nickel on Irradiation Embrittlement of Light Water Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : IAEA
  • Release : 25 May 2022
GET THIS BOOKEffects of Nickel on Irradiation Embrittlement of Light Water Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

This publication sets out the findings of a co-ordinated research project to determine the influence of the mechanism of the deterioration effect in radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel steels with a high nickel content in nuclear power plants, including procurement of materials, determination of mechanical properties, irradiation and testing of specimens, and microstructural characterisation.

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

Structural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications
  • Author : Robert Odette,Steven Zinkle
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 15 August 2019
GET THIS BOOKStructural Alloys for Nuclear Energy Applications

High-performance alloys that can withstand operation in hazardous nuclear environments are critical to presentday in-service reactor support and maintenance and are foundational for reactor concepts of the future. With commercial nuclear energy vendors and operators facing the retirement of staff during the coming decades, much of the scholarly knowledge of nuclear materials pursuant to appropriate, impactful, and safe usage is at risk. Led by the multi-award winning editorial team of G. Robert Odette (UCSB) and Steven J. Zinkle (UTK/ORNL)

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 22 July 2020
GET THIS BOOKComprehensive Nuclear Materials

Materials in a nuclear environment are exposed to extreme conditions of radiation, temperature and/or corrosion, and in many cases the combination of these makes the material behavior very different from conventional materials. This is evident for the four major technological challenges the nuclear technology domain is facing currently: (i) long-term operation of existing Generation II nuclear power plants, (ii) the design of the next generation reactors (Generation IV), (iii) the construction of the ITER fusion reactor in Cadarache (France), (

Overview of the Activities in Spain on Irradiation Embrittlement of RPV Steel

Overview of the Activities in Spain on Irradiation Embrittlement of RPV Steel
  • Author : A. Ballesteros,J. Bros
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 25 May 1994
GET THIS BOOKOverview of the Activities in Spain on Irradiation Embrittlement of RPV Steel

Specific problems such as the embrittlement of the WER reactors or the integrity evaluation of the Yankee Rowe reactor pressure vessel, show the necessity of continuing in the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the embrittlement. Besides, in order to increase the safety and performance of the nuclear power plants, it is important to optimize the surveillance programmes and develop the mitigation techniques of the damage caused by neutron radiation.

Development of RPV Embrittlement Evaluation Technology for Charpy Upper Shelf Region

Development of RPV Embrittlement Evaluation Technology for Charpy Upper Shelf Region
  • Author : K. Sakamoto,S. Hatano,T. Osaki
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 25 May 2022
GET THIS BOOKDevelopment of RPV Embrittlement Evaluation Technology for Charpy Upper Shelf Region

In order to develop the integrity evaluation technology for aged major components of nuclear power plants, the Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corporation (JAPEIC) has carried out the project named "Nuclear Power Plant Integrated Management Technology (PLIM)" entrusted by Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry since 1996 Fiscal Year (FY). One of the objectives of this project is to establish the method for integrity evaluation of aged Japanese reactor pressure vessels (RPV) by developing the prediction equations of reduction of

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident
  • Author : Yotaro Hatamura,Seiji Abe,Masao Fuchigami,Naoto Kasahara,Kenji Iino
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 28 November 2014
GET THIS BOOKThe 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident

In March 2011 the Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) in Japan was hit by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami which resulted in the release of significant amounts of radioactive material. The incident led to the suspension of nuclear programmes by a number of countries. This book provides a definitive account of the accident. Outlines the main sequence of events of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, considers the responses of central and local government, and evaluates the response of the plant

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management (PLiM)

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management (PLiM)
  • Author : Gennadij V Arkadov,Alexander F Getman,Andrei N Rodionov
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 27 September 2012
GET THIS BOOKProbabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management (PLiM)

Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors
  • Author : Igor Pioro
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 09 June 2016
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly