Kenya A Natural Outlook

Kenya is a thriving country in East Africa: its economy is largely based on the natural environment that frames the tourism sector, mainly through safaris and holidays on the coast. The natural environment also underpins the second largest industry: agriculture. Kenya's social, technological, and industrial developments are a reference for many neighboring countries. Kenya plays a leading role in Africa and attracts huge amounts of investments. Furthermore, the humanitarian community has made Nairobi its base for international headquarters and regional offices. This makes Kenya a possible model for development and investment in its widest sense. This book aims at updating the holistic view on Kenya's natural environment and resources. It provides a sound scientific introduction to this country's physical and socioeconomic setting and its evolution through time and will appeal to a broad audience of students - in Kenya and abroad - as well as those working in the development and humanitarian sectors and to international donors looking for a scientific compendium on Kenya's environment. Its structure and references allow the reader to deepen his or her knowledge of every theme touched on in the book. Combines different aspects of physical geography, water and soil resources and their management strategies Written by a blend of international and national experts Includes specific case studies

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  • Author : Paolo Paron
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Pages : 374 pages
  • ISBN : 9780444595591
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Kenya - A Natural Outlook

Kenya - A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Paolo Paron
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 01 July 2022
GET THIS BOOKKenya - A Natural Outlook

Kenya is a thriving country in East Africa: its economy is largely based on the natural environment that frames the tourism sector, mainly through safaris and holidays on the coast. The natural environment also underpins the second largest industry: agriculture. Kenya's social, technological, and industrial developments are a reference for many neighboring countries. Kenya plays a leading role in Africa and attracts huge amounts of investments. Furthermore, the humanitarian community has made Nairobi its base for international headquarters and regional

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya is a thriving country in East Africa: its economy is largely based on the natural environment that frames the tourism sector, mainly through safaris and holidays on the coast. The natural environment also underpins the second largest industry: agriculture. Kenya’s social, technological, and industrial developments are a reference for many neighboring countries. Kenya plays a leading role in Africa and attracts huge amounts of investments. Furthermore, the humanitarian community has made Nairobi its base for international headquarters and

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Charles Maina-Gichaba,Enoch K. Kipseba,Moses Masibo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Natural disasters disrupt people's lives through displacements, destruction of livelihoods and property, deaths, and injuries. Consequently, they take back years of development, thus posing a major challenge to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals especially the target of halving extreme poverty by 2015 and Kenya's set development goals as contained in Vision 2030. The nature of natural disasters in Kenya especially landslides has constantly eroded the recovery capacity of communities especially in the affected areas, hence affecting their economic development year

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Christine A. Omuombo,Daniel O. Olago,Eric O. Odada
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

The Indian Ocean waters off the Kenyan coast is stratified due to temperature, salinity and pressure differences between the warm less saline less dense surface waters and the deep saline cooler waters. This stratification displays local variations influenced by rainfall or heavy water discharges of the deltas of Tana and Sabaki as well as the monsoon with maximum temperatures during the transition periods of the monsoons when the winds are light and the solar insolation is high. Turbidity increases due

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Dorothy Wanja Nyingi,Nathan Gichuki,Mordecai O. Ogada
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Freshwater ecosystems of Kenya are the lifeline of economic and social development; however, most of these are threatened or on the verge of collapse. The need to maintain them in their natural condition, reduce disturbance and conserve their biodiversity has been stressed in the face of severe drought, food insecurity and water stress conditions including inability to maintain constant hydroelectric power. However, without a clear picture of how many freshwater rivers, wetlands and lakes exist and their precise locality, size,

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Norbert Opiyo Akech,Christine A. Omuombo,Moses Masibo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
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The oldest supracrustal rocks in Kenya are the Archaean Nyanzian meta-volcanics and the Kavirondian meta-sediments. These rocks are found to the west of the country in the areas adjacent to Lake Victoria. The Neo-Proterozoic Mozambique belt rocks occupy the central parts of Kenya. These are in most parts separated from the Archaean rocks by the Tertiary volcanics associated with the East African Rift System. The eastern parts of Kenya from the north to the south are dominated by sedimentary rock

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Elijah K. Biamah,Jacqueline Kiio,Benjamin Kogo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

In Kenya, environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been used to ensure that environmental management is integrated into project planning and decision-making with a view of achieving ecologically sustainable development. Best-practice EIA identifies environmental risks, lessens resource use conflicts by promoting community participation, minimizes adverse environmental effects, informs decision-makers, and helps lay the base for environmentally sound projects. In the integration of an EIA, due considerations are made in all stages of a project, from exploration and planning through construction, operations,

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Zoltan Balint,Francis Mutua,Peris Muchiri,Christian T. Omuto
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

A first step in any drought management system is to monitor the state and the evolution of the drought. This study addresses the problem of nonexistent operational drought monitoring systems and presents a new methodology for monitoring the evolution and severity of drought with the new, Combined Drought Index (CDI). It is based on the fact that drought is a natural phenomenon created by a combination of several factors, such as deficiency in rainfall amount, persistence of below average rainfall,

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : John P.O. Obiero,Japheth O. Onyando
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Climatic characteristics, factors influencing them and effects on agro-climatic zonation and crop productions is discussed. It is recognized that climate plays a key role in agricultural production which is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy. Factors influencing climatic characteristics are notably latitude, altitude, characteristics of prevailing winds, distance from water body, topography, vegetal cover and pressure belts. Air masses, their sources and influence on dry and rainy seasons for various regions of the country are described. Rainfall and temperature distribution

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Zachariah Kuria
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Comprehensive hydrogeological investigations of Kenya as country have been carried out within various geological settings that range from volcanic terrains and associated quaternary sediments, through sedimentary terrains of northern and coastal Kenya to areas underlain by metamorphic rocks. The objective of the study was to establish groundwater occurrence and distribution in country including characterization of the aquifer properties. The aspects considered in this study of groundwater include: underlying geology, aquifer geometry, groundwater levels in the aquifer, groundwater flow and recharge,

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Josphat K. Mulwa,Fumiaki Kimata,Nguyen Anh Duong
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

The East African Rift System (EARS) and by extension the Davie Ridge, which is considered as the seaward extension of eastern branch (Kenya Rift Valley) of the East African Rift Valley (), are characterized by divergence whose maximum rate is estimated to be about 7mm/year (). This rate of divergence is somewhat much slower than that found at most active mid-ocean ridges or even the convergence of India–Burma plates or that between the Australian and Sunda plates (). Despite this slow

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Daniel O. Olago
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

The Quaternary evolution of Kenya is set in a dynamic climatic, environmental, volcanic and tectonic context. Climate has been controlled by orbital forcing with a dominant precessional cycle of 23,000 years driving hydrological changes that have had dramatic impacts on lake levels. Climate has interacted with tectonism and volcanism to continually modify the landscapes and environments, partly influencing hominin, animal and plant evolution. The most prominent feature is the Rift Valley, whose evolution was associated with flood volcanism, rift deformation and

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Bernard K. Kirui
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

Mangroves are important ecosystems in Kenya, producing goods and services of immense importance to the communities living adjacent to them. Their coverage is estimated at 46,590 hectares and is found along the 536km coastline which extends over 3° latitude from 1°42′ south to 4°40′ south. Mangroves are common features in protected bays, creeks, estuaries and river deltas spread all along the Kenya coast. Two communities of mangroves (fringe and creek) formations occur along the Kenya coast. The largest formations occur in the north coast

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : Petri K.E. Pellikka,Barnaby J.F. Clark,Alemu Gonsamo Gosa,Nina Himberg,Pekka Hurskainen,Eduardo Maeda,James Mwang’ombe,Loice M.A. Omoro,Mika Siljander
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

The indigenous cloud forests in the Taita Hills have suffered substantial degradation for several centuries due to agricultural expansion. Additionally, climate change imposes an imminent threat for local economy and environmental sustainability. In such circumstances, elaborating tools to conciliate socioeconomic growth and natural resources conservation is an enormous challenge. This chapter describes applications of remote sensing and geographic information systems for assessing land-cover changes in the Taita Hills and its surrounding lowlands. Furthermore, it provides an overall assessment on the

Kenya: A Natural Outlook

Kenya: A Natural Outlook
  • Author : John B. Kyalo Kiema
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 22 October 2013
GET THIS BOOKKenya: A Natural Outlook

This chapter begins with a synopsis of the basic concept of remote sensing with the various stages and interactions that characterize the entire remote sensing process described. A brief recapitulation of the status of stored water in Kenya is then presented. The monumental challenge facing many poor Kenyan households in accessing clean and safe water in sufficient quantities is reiterated. The chapter underscores the critical value of accurate and timely geospatial and hydro-meteorological datasets in supporting integrated water resources management.