Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology, a new volume in The Handbook of Clinical Neurology, provides a comprehensive and contemporary reference on parasitic infections of the human nervous system. Parasitic infections are varied and some are resolved by the host’s immune system, other infections may become established even though unnoticed, and some cause severe disease and death. In our modern world, neuroparasitoses are no longer geographically isolated and these infections now appear worldwide. Outside of a very few well understood pathologies, most parasitic infections have been neglected in the neurological literature and most neurologists have never diagnosed such an infection. This volume details how, with the advent of modern neuroimaging techniques, improved diagnostic applications of molecular biology, more accurate immunodiagnosis, and minimally invasive neurosurgery, human nervous system parasitoses are now diagnosed and treated, with increasing frequency. The book is divided into six sections, and begins with an introduction to the mechanisms of infection, diagnosis, and pathology of parasitic diseases. Subsequent chapters detail protozoan diseases and a section covering each of the major classes of human-infecting helminths: nematodes (roundworms), trematodes (flukes), and cestodes (tapeworms). The final section contains chapters on other important areas of tropical clinical medicine including the neurological complications of venomous bites and tropical nutritional deficiencies. Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology will be of interest to neurologists, neurosurgeons and other health professionals encountering patients with parasitic infections. A comprehensive reference resource on the diagnosis and treatment of parasitic infections of the human nervous system Focuses on the impact of modern neuroimaging techniques, improved diagnostic applications of molecular biology, more accurate immunodiagnosis, and minimally invasive neurosurgery to diagnose parasitoses International list of contributors including the leading workers in the field

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Hector H. Garcia
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 432 pages
  • ISBN : 0444534997
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Hector H. Garcia,Herbert B. Tanowitz,Oscar H. Del Brutto
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology, a new volume in The Handbook of Clinical Neurology, provides a comprehensive and contemporary reference on parasitic infections of the human nervous system. Parasitic infections are varied and some are resolved by the host’s immune system, other infections may become established even though unnoticed, and some cause severe disease and death. In our modern world, neuroparasitoses are no longer geographically isolated and these infections now appear worldwide. Outside of a very few well understood pathologies,

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Veerle Lejon,Marina Bentivoglio,José Ramon Franco
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Human African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness is a neglected tropical disease that affects populations in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is caused by infection with the gambiense and rhodesiense subspecies of the extracellular parasite Trypanosoma brucei, and is transmitted to humans by bites of infected tsetse flies. The disease evolves in two stages, the hemolymphatic and meningoencephalitic stages, the latter being defined by central nervous system infection after trypanosomal traversal of the blood–brain barrier. African trypanosomiasis, which leads to severe

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Jean Jannin,Albis Francesco Gabrielli
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neglected tropical diseases are a group of mostly infectious diseases that thrive among poor populations in tropical countries. A significant proportion of the conditions affecting the neurological system in such countries can be attributed to neglected tropical diseases of helminth, protozoan, bacterial, or viral origin. The neurological burden of neglected tropical diseases has not been thoroughly investigated yet, but is expected to be significant; its full appreciation, estimation, and recognition present significant challenges, as shown by the case of the “

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Peruvumba Narayan Jayakumar,Hoskote S. Chandrashekar,Shehanaz Ellika
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Parasitic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) have increased over the last couple of decades, partly due to a drop in the living conditions of large populations in the world and the AIDS epidemic. Parasitic infections of the CNS are indolent and often life threatening, hence, an early diagnosis is imperative. While brain biopsy and laboratory analysis remain the gold standard for diagnosis, neuroimaging contributes significantly to diagnosis and follow-up. Imaging can demonstrate the extent of infection and complications

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Fabrizio Bruschi,Enrico Brunetti,Edoardo Pozio
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Trichinellosis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by the nematode Trichinella spp. Neurotrichinellosis represents one of the most important complications of severe trichinellosis in humans and is sometimes fatal, especially when Trichinella spiralis is involved. There are numerous mechanisms responsible for the involvement of the nervous system through direct or indirect involvement of the parasite. In the latter, inflammatory cells, especially eosinophils, appear to play a crucial role. Encephalopathy, neuromuscular disturbances, and ocular involvement represent the most frequent presentations of neurotrichinellosis,

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Santiago Mas-Coma,Veronica H. Agramunt,M. Adela valero
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Fascioliasis is a worldwide, zoonotic disease caused by the liver trematodes Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. Neurological fascioliasis has been widely reported in all continents, affecting both sexes and all ages. Two types of records related to two physiopathogenic mechanisms may be distinguished: cases in which the neurological symptoms are due to direct effects of a migrating juvenile present in the brain or neighboring organ and with cerebral lesions suggesting migration through the brain; and cases with neurological symptoms due

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Patricia P. Wilkins
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

The nature of many parasitic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) requires immunodiagnosis to confirm presumptive diagnoses. The CNS is the primary site of parasite infection for some parasitic organisms and for others, neurological infection occurs only in immunocompromised hosts. Still other parasites cause ectopic infections of the CNS and occur very rarely. This review concentrates on laboratory diagnosis of diseases that are caused by parasites with a primary predilection for the CNS. Emphasis is placed on laboratory diagnostic

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Oscar H. Del Brutto,Hector H. Garcia
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Cysticercosis, an infection caused by the cystic larvae of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium, is one of the most frequent parasitic infections of the human nervous system (neurocysticercosis). It is endemic in most of Latin America, the sub-Saharan Africa, and vast parts of Asia, including the Indian subcontinent. It has also been increasingly diagnosed in developed countries because of migration of people from endemic zones and exposure in travelers. The life cycle involves the development of the adult tapeworm in

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Sahar Usmani-Brown,John J. Halperin,Peter J. Krause
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Babesiosis is a worldwide emerging infectious disease caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa that are transmitted by Ixodid ticks, or less commonly through blood transfusion or transplacentally. Although headache and lethargy are common symptoms, babesiosis is uncommonly associated with specific neurological dysfunction in humans. Decreased level of consciousness or coma are rare complications that are associated with severe and often fatal disease but the pathogenesis is unclear.

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : José Eymard Homem Pittella
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Parasitic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) include two broad categories of infectious organisms: single-celled protozoa and multicellular metazoa. The protozoal infections include malaria, American trypanosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, amebiasis, microsporidiasis, and leishmaniasis. The metazoal infections are grouped into flatworms, which include trematoda and cestoda, and roundworms or nematoda. Trematoda infections include schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis. Cestoda infections include cysticercosis, coenurosis, hydatidosis, and sparganosis. Nematoda infections include gnathostomiasis, angiostrongyliasis, toxocariasis, strongyloidiasis, filariasis, baylisascariasis, dracunculiasis, micronemiasis, and lagochilascariasis. The most

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Alessandra Nicoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Toxocariasis is one of the most commonly reported zoonotic helminth infections in the world with a higher prevalence in tropical settings and in rural populations. It is caused by the larval stages of the ascarids Toxocara canis, the common roundworm of dogs, and probably also by the larval stages of Toxocara cati, the roundworm of cats. The clinical spectrum of toxocariasis in humans varies from asymptomatic infection to severe organ injury caused by larval migration to the major organs (“visceral

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Christina Marie Coyle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Currently 200 million people worldwide are infected. Neurological manifestations are a result of the inflammatory response of the host to egg deposition in the brain and spinal cord and is usually seen in patients with recent infection with no evidence of systemic illness. Cerebral and cerebellar disease can result in headache, seizure, and increased intracranial pressure. Cerebral schistosomiasis is more common in Schistosoma japonicum, but increasing cases due

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Sandra K. Halonen,Louis M. Weiss
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Toxoplasma gondii, an Apicomplexan, is a pathogic protozoan that can infect the central nervous system. Infection during pregnancy can result in a congenial infection with severe neurological sequelae. In immunocompromisedindividuals reactivation of latent neurological foci can result in encephalitis. Immunocompetent individuals infected with T. gondii are typically asymptomatic and maintain this infection for life. However, recent studies suggest that these asymptomatic infections may have effects on behavior and other physiological processes. Toxoplasma gondii infects approximately one-third of the world population,

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Krister Kristensson,Willias Masocha,Marina Bentivoglio
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Invasion of the central nervous system (CNS) is a most devastating complication of a parasitic infection. Several physical and immunological barriers provide obstacles to such an invasion. In this broad overview focus is given to the physical barriers to neuroinvasion of parasites provided at the portal of entry of the parasites, i.e., the skin and epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract, and between the blood and the brain parenchyma, i.e., the blood−brain barrier (BBB). A description is

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Neuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology
  • Author : Devender Bhalla,Michel Dumas,Pierre-Marie Preux
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 03 July 2013
GET THIS BOOKNeuroparasitology and Tropical Neurology

Filarial infections cause a huge public health burden wherever they are endemic. These filaria may locate anywhere in the human body. Their manifestations and pathogenic mechanisms, except the most common ones, are rarely investigated systematically. Their neurological manifestations, however, are being increasingly recognized particularly with onchocerciasis or Loa loa infections, Wuchereria bancrofti, or Mansonella perstans. The risk of developing these manifestations may also increase in cases that harbor multiple filariasis or coinfections, for instance as with Plasmodium. The microfilaria of