Philosophy of Medicine

What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is "evidence-based" medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. This book introduces the fundamental issues in philosophy of medicine for those coming to the subject for the first time, including: • understanding the physician–patient relationship: the phenomenology of the medical encounter. • Models and theories in biology and medicine: what role do theories play in medicine? Are they similar to scientific theories? • Randomised controlled trials: can scientific experiments be replicated in clinical medicine? What are the philosophical criticisms levelled at RCTs? • The concept of evidence in medical research: what do we mean by "evidence-based medicine"? Should all medicine be based on evidence? • Causation in medicine. • What do advances in neuroscience reveal about the relationship between mind and body? • Defining health and disease: are explanations of disease objective or do they depend on values? • Evolutionary medicine: what is the role of evolutionary biology in understanding medicine? Is it relevant? Extensive use of empirical examples and case studies are included throughout, including debates about smoking and cancer, the use of placebos in randomised controlled trials, controversies about PSA testing and research into the causes of HIV. This is an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of medicine and philosophy of science.

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  • Author : R. Paul Thompson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 194 pages
  • ISBN : 1351660748
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : R. Paul Thompson,Ross E.G. Upshur
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 04 August 2017
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Medicine

What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is "evidence-based" medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. This book introduces the fundamental issues in philosophy of medicine for those coming to

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : James A. Marcum
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 07 May 2008
GET THIS BOOKAn Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these

Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : Thomas Schramme,Steven Edwards
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 14 January 2021
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of medicine is thought of today as a distinct discipline with its own set of concerns. This title focuses on all major aspects of the philosophy of medicine and the attempts of philosophers, bioethicists, and physicians to address its unique set of problems and questions. It deals with the various metaphysical, ethical and practical problems and questions facing modern medicine such as human nature and mind; reductionism and holism; causation and etiology; notions of disease, health, illness and disability;

Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : Fred Gifford
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 12 April 2021
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Medicine

This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice. Several chapters examine such general meta-scientific concepts as discovery, reduction, theories and models, causal inference and scientific realism as they apply to medicine or medical science in particular. Some discuss important concepts specific to medicine (diagnosis, health, disease, brain death). A topic such as evidence, for instance, is examined at a variety of levels, from

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : Miriam Solomon,Jeremy R. Simon,Harold Kincaid
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 04 October 2016
GET THIS BOOKThe Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese medicine, and narrative medicine. Each

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 06 April 2015
GET THIS BOOKHandbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine

Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral and metaphysical issues central to

Philosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : Alex Broadbent
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 12 April 2021
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Medicine

Philosophy of Medicine asks two central questions about medicine: what is it, and what should we think of it? Philosophy of medicine itself has evolved in response to developments in the philosophy of science, especially with regard to epistemology, positioning it to make contributions that are medically useful. This book locates these developments within a larger framework, suggesting that much philosophical thinking about medicine contributes to answering one or both of these two guiding questions. Taking stock of philosophy of

The Philosophy of Evidence-based Medicine

The Philosophy of Evidence-based Medicine
  • Author : Jeremy H. Howick
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 23 February 2011
GET THIS BOOKThe Philosophy of Evidence-based Medicine

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become a required element of clinical practice, but it is critical for the healthcare community to understand the ongoing controversy surrounding EBM. Seeking to address questions raised by critics, The Philosophy of Evidence-based Medicine challenges the over dependency of EBM on randomized controlled trials. This book also explores EBM methodology and its relationship with other approaches used in medicine.

The Philosophy of Medicine

The Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr.
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 31 July 2000
GET THIS BOOKThe Philosophy of Medicine

The term `bioethics' was coined in 1971, just as interest in the medical humanities claimed a prominent place in medical education. Out of this interest, a substantial area of research and scholarship took shape: the philosophy of medicine. This field has been directed to the epistemological, ontological, and value-theoretical issues occasioned by medicine and the biomedical sciences. Bioethics is nested in this field and can only be fully understood in terms of the foundational issues it addresses. This collection of essays

Elisha Bartlett's Philosophy of Medicine

Elisha Bartlett's Philosophy of Medicine
  • Author : W.E. Stempsey
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 30 March 2006
GET THIS BOOKElisha Bartlett's Philosophy of Medicine

The idea of preparing a new critical edition of Elisha Bartlett’s Essay on the Philosophy of Medical Science was suggested to me several years ago by Dr. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. Since that time it has been a pleasure to get to know the life and work of Elisha Bartlett. I am pleased to be completing this book in the bicentennial year of Bartlett’s birth. Bartlett was born in 1804 in Smithfield, Rhode Island, less than twenty-five miles from

Meaning and Medicine

Meaning and Medicine
  • Author : Hilde Lindemann Nelson
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 13 May 2013
GET THIS BOOKMeaning and Medicine

A chief aim of this resource is to rekindle interest in seeing health care not solely as a set of practices so problematic as to require ethical analysis by philosophers and other scholars, but as a field whose scrutiny is richly rewarding for the traditional concerns of philosophy.

Medical Philosophy

Medical Philosophy
  • Author : Mario Bunge
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 30 May 2013
GET THIS BOOKMedical Philosophy

This is the first book that analyzes and systematizes all the general ideas of medicine, in particular the philosophical ones, which are usually tacit. Instead of focusing on one or two points — typically disease and clinical trial — this book examines all the salient aspects of biomedical research and practice: the nature of disease; the logic of diagnosis; the discovery and design of drugs; the design of lab and clinical trials; the crafting of therapies and design of protocols; the moral

Greek Rational Medicine

Greek Rational Medicine
  • Author : James Longrigg
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 07 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKGreek Rational Medicine

The ancient Greek medical thinkers were profoundly influenced by Ionian natural philosophy. This philosophy caused them to adopt a radically new attitude towards disease and healing. James Longrigg shows how their rational attitudes ultimately resulted in levels of sophistication largely unsurpassed until the Renaissance. He examines the important relationship between philosophy and medicine in ancient Greece and beyond, and reveals its significance for contemporary western practice and theory.

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health
  • Author : F. Svenaeus
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 09 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKThe Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches,

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine
  • Author : Giovanni Boniolo,Marco J. Nathan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 18 November 2016
GET THIS BOOKPhilosophy of Molecular Medicine

Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Theory and Practice aims at a systematic investigation of a number of foundational issues in the field of molecular medicine. The volume is organized around four broad modules focusing, respectively, on the following key aspects: What are the nature, scope, and limits of molecular medicine? How does it provide explanations? How does it represent and model phenomena of interest? How does it infer new knowledge from data and experiments? The essays collected here,