Radiation and the International Space Station

A major objective of the International Space Station is learning how to cope with the inherent risks of human spaceflight--how to live and work in space for extended periods. The construction of the station itself provides the first opportunity for doing so. Prominent among the challenges associated with ISS construction is the large amount of time that astronauts will be spending doing extravehicular activity (EVA), or "space walks." EVAs from the space shuttle have been extraordinarily successful, most notably the on-orbit repair of the Hubble Space Telescope. But the number of hours of EVA for ISS construction exceeds that of the Hubble repair mission by orders of magnitude. Furthermore, the ISS orbit has nearly twice the inclination to Earth's equator as Hubble's orbit, so it spends part of every 90-minute circumnavigation at high latitudes, where Earth's magnetic field is less effective at shielding impinging radiation. This means that astronauts sweeping through these regions will be considerably more vulnerable to dangerous doses of energetic particles from a sudden solar eruption. Radiation and the International Space Station estimates that the likelihood of having a potentially dangerous solar event during an EVA is indeed very high. This report recommends steps that can be taken immediately, and over the next several years, to provide adequate warning so that the astronauts can be directed to take protective cover inside the ISS or shuttle. The near-term actions include programmatic and operational ways to take advantage of the multiagency assets that currently monitor and forecast space weather, and ways to improve the in situ measurements and the predictive power of current models.

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  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Pages : 92 pages
  • ISBN : 9780309172448
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKRadiation and the International Space Station

Radiation and the International Space Station

Radiation and the International Space Station
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Solar and Space Physics and Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 25 February 2000
GET THIS BOOKRadiation and the International Space Station

A major objective of the International Space Station is learning how to cope with the inherent risks of human spaceflight--how to live and work in space for extended periods. The construction of the station itself provides the first opportunity for doing so. Prominent among the challenges associated with ISS construction is the large amount of time that astronauts will be spending doing extravehicular activity (EVA), or "space walks." EVAs from the space shuttle have been extraordinarily successful, most notably the

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 10 October 2006
GET THIS BOOKSpace Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase

Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace
  • Author : Natalia Buzulukova
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 01 December 2017
GET THIS BOOKExtreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose

The Space Environment

The Space Environment
  • Author : Alan C. Tribble
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 26 May 2020
GET THIS BOOKThe Space Environment

The breakup of the Space Shuttle Columbia as it reentered Earth's atmosphere on February 1, 2003, reminded the public--and NASA--of the grave risks posed to spacecraft by everything from insulating foam to space debris. Here, Alan Tribble presents a singular, up-to-date account of a wide range of less conspicuous but no less consequential environmental effects that can damage or cause poor performance of orbiting spacecraft. Conveying a wealth of insight into the nature of the space environment and how spacecraft interact with

Solar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis

Solar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis
  • Author : Olga E. Malandraki,Norma B. Crosby
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 01 February 2018
GET THIS BOOKSolar Particle Radiation Storms Forecasting and Analysis

Solar energetic particles (SEPs) emitted from the Sun are a major space weather hazard motivating the development of predictive capabilities. This book presents the results and findings of the HESPERIA (High Energy Solar Particle Events forecasting and Analysis) project of the EU HORIZON 2020 programme. It discusses the forecasting operational tools developed within the project, and presents progress to SEP research contributed by HESPERIA both from the observational as well as the SEP modelling perspective. Using multi-frequency observational data and simulations

Solar Cosmic Rays

Solar Cosmic Rays
  • Author : Leonty Miroshnichenko
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 31 May 2001
GET THIS BOOKSolar Cosmic Rays

It turned out to be really a rare and happy occasion that we know exact1y when and how a new branch of space physics was born, namely, a physics of solar cosmic rays. It happened on February 28 and March 7, 1942 when the fIrst "cosmic ray bursts" were recorded on the Earth, and the Sun was unambiguously identifIed for the fIrst time as the source of high-velocity 10 particles with energies up to > 10 eV. Just due to such a high energy these

Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground

Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground
  • Author : Lev Dorman
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 19 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKCosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground

The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M2005) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical Physics), my supervisor Professor D. I. Blokhintsev planned for me, as a winner of a Red Diploma, to continue my education as an aspirant (a graduate student) to prepare for Ph. D. in his very secret Object in

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee for Evaluation of Space Radiation Cancer Risk Model
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 19 March 2012
GET THIS BOOKTechnical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation

NASA's current missions to the International Space Station (ISS) and potential future exploration missions involving extended stays by astronauts on the lunar surface, as well as the possibility of near- Earth object (NEO) or Mars missions, present challenges in protecting astronauts from radiation risks. These risks arise from a number of sources, including solar particle events (SPEs), galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), secondary radiation from surface impacts, and even the nuclear isotope power sources transported with the astronauts. The serious early

Lunar Sourcebook

Lunar Sourcebook
  • Author : Grant Heiken,David Vaniman,Bevan M. French
  • Publisher : CUP Archive
  • Release : 26 April 1991
GET THIS BOOKLunar Sourcebook

The only work to date to collect data gathered during the American and Soviet missions in an accessible and complete reference of current scientific and technical information about the Moon.

Cosmic Rays and Earth

Cosmic Rays and Earth
  • Author : J.W. Bieber,E. Eroshenko,P. Evenson,E.O. Flückiger,R. Kallenbach
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 17 April 2013
GET THIS BOOKCosmic Rays and Earth

The year 1998 marked the 50th anniversary of the invention of the neutron monitor, a key research tool in the field of space physics and solar-terrestrial relations. In honor of this occasion a workshop entitled 'Cosmic Rays and Earth' was organized to review the detection of cosmic rays at the surface and in the lower atmosphere of Earth, including the effect that this radiation has on the terrestrial environment. A special focus was the role of neutron monitors in the investigation