Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics. Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

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  • Author : Andreas Schadschneider
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 582 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080560526
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKStochastic Transport in Complex Systems

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems
  • Author : Andreas Schadschneider,Debashish Chowdhury,Katsuhiro Nishinari
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 01 October 2010
GET THIS BOOKStochastic Transport in Complex Systems

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are

Stochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems

Stochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems
  • Author : Eckart Frehland
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 13 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKStochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems

These notes are in part based on a course for advanced students in the applications of stochastic processes held in 1978 at the University of Konstanz. These notes contain the results of re cent studies on the stochastic description of ion transport through biological membranes. In particular, they serve as an introduction to an unified theory of fluctuations in complex biological transport systems. We emphasize that the subject of this volume is not to introduce the mathematics of stochastic processes but

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology
  • Author : Paul C. Bressloff
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 22 August 2014
GET THIS BOOKStochastic Processes in Cell Biology

This book develops the theory of continuous and discrete stochastic processes within the context of cell biology. A wide range of biological topics are covered including normal and anomalous diffusion in complex cellular environments, stochastic ion channels and excitable systems, stochastic calcium signaling, molecular motors, intracellular transport, signal transduction, bacterial chemotaxis, robustness in gene networks, genetic switches and oscillators, cell polarization, polymerization, cellular length control, and branching processes. The book also provides a pedagogical introduction to the theory of stochastic

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow
  • Author : Xiqun (Michael) Chen,Li Li,Qixin Shi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 18 September 2014
GET THIS BOOKStochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow

This book reveals the underlying mechanisms of complexity and stochastic evolutions of traffic flows. Using Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements, the authors propose lognormal headway/spacing/velocity distributions and subsequently develop a Markov car-following model to describe drivers’ random choices concerning headways/spacings, putting forward a stochastic fundamental diagram model for wide scattering flow-density points. In the context of highway onramp bottlenecks, the authors present a traffic flow breakdown probability model and spatial-temporal queuing model to improve the stability and reliability

Cellular Automata

Cellular Automata
  • Author : Jaroslaw Was,Georgios Sirakoulis,Stefania Bandini
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 12 September 2014
GET THIS BOOKCellular Automata

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2014, held in Krakow, Poland, in September 2014. The 67 full papers and 7 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 125 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: theoretical results on cellular automata; cellular automata dynamics and synchronization; modeling and simulation with cellular automata; cellular automata-based hardware and computing; cryptography, networks and pattern recognition with cellular automata. The volume also

Modeling, Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano-scale Communications

Modeling, Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano-scale Communications
  • Author : Junichi Suzuki,Tadashi Nakano,Michael John Moore
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 15 March 2017
GET THIS BOOKModeling, Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano-scale Communications

This book reports on cutting-edge modeling techniques, methodologies and tools used to understand, design and engineer nanoscale communication systems, such as molecular communication systems. Moreover, it includes introductory materials for those who are new to the field. The book’s interdisciplinary approach, which merges perspectives in computer science, the biological sciences and nanotechnology, will appeal to graduate students and researchers in these three areas.The book is organized into five parts, the first of which describes the fundamentals of molecular

Modelling and implementation of a microscopic traffic simulation system

Modelling and implementation of a microscopic traffic simulation system
  • Author : Johannes Brügmann
  • Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
  • Release : 16 November 2015
GET THIS BOOKModelling and implementation of a microscopic traffic simulation system

This thesis presents the foundations, the initial state, and the progress made in modelling and implementing a real-world and real-time online microscopic traffic simulation system for highway traffic. To successfully model and implement such a simulation system, this thesis recommends the use of a number of formal methods applied at the right places. As part of the recommendation, this thesis proposes a microscopic traffic simulation system. To explore the feasibility and the potential of the recommended methods, it observes and

Traffic and Granular Flow '15

Traffic and Granular Flow '15
  • Author : Victor L. Knoop,Winnie Daamen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 10 December 2016
GET THIS BOOKTraffic and Granular Flow '15

The Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow brings together international researchers from different fields ranging from physics to computer science and engineering to discuss the latest developments in traffic-related systems. Originally conceived to facilitate new ideas by considering the similarities of traffic and granular flow, TGF'15, organised by Delft University of Technology, now covers a broad range of topics related to driven particle and transport systems. Besides the classical topics of granular flow and highway traffic, its scope includes data

Game Theoretic Analysis of Congestion, Safety and Security

Game Theoretic Analysis of Congestion, Safety and Security
  • Author : Kjell Hausken,Jun Zhuang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 27 December 2014
GET THIS BOOKGame Theoretic Analysis of Congestion, Safety and Security

Maximizing reader insights into the interactions between game theory, excessive crowding and safety and security elements, this book establishes a new research angle by illustrating linkages between different research approaches and through laying the foundations for subsequent analysis. Congestion (excessive crowding) is defined in this work as all kinds of flows; e.g., road/sea/air traffic, people, data, information, water, electricity, and organisms. Analysing systems where congestion occurs – which may be in parallel, series, interlinked, or interdependent, with flows

Data-Driven Traffic Engineering

Data-Driven Traffic Engineering
  • Author : Hubert Rehborn,Micha Koller,Stefan Kaufmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 23 October 2020
GET THIS BOOKData-Driven Traffic Engineering

Data-Driven Traffic Engineering: Understanding of Traffic and Applications Based on Three-Phase Traffic Theory shifts the current focus from using modeling and simulation data for traffic measurements to the use of actual data. The book uses real-world, empirically-derived data from a large fleet of connected vehicles, local observations and aerial observation to shed light on key traffic phenomena. Readers will learn how to develop an understanding of the empirical features of vehicular traffic networks and how to consider these features in

Stochastic Dynamics. Modeling Solute Transport in Porous Media

Stochastic Dynamics. Modeling Solute Transport in Porous Media
  • Author : Don Kulasiri,Wynand Verwoerd
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 22 November 2002
GET THIS BOOKStochastic Dynamics. Modeling Solute Transport in Porous Media

Most of the natural and biological phenomena such as solute transport in porous media exhibit variability which can not be modeled by using deterministic approaches. There is evidence in natural phenomena to suggest that some of the observations can not be explained by using the models which give deterministic solutions. Stochastic processes have a rich repository of objects which can be used to express the randomness inherent in the system and the evolution of the system over time. The attractiveness

Collective Dynamics from Bacteria to Crowds

Collective Dynamics from Bacteria to Crowds
  • Author : Adrian Muntean,Federico Toschi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 18 March 2014
GET THIS BOOKCollective Dynamics from Bacteria to Crowds

Multiscale models in social applications combine mean-field and kinetic equations with either microscopic or macroscopic level descriptions. In this book the reader will find not only a wide spectrum of multiscale analysis results (like convergence proofs), but also practically important information such as derivations of mean-field equations, methods to handle hard contacts numerically, to model group behavior, to quantitative estimate microscopic/macroscopic segregation of competing species, to quantitative understand the limits of validity of mass-action kinetics for simple reactions.

Sixth International Conference on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-6)

Sixth International Conference on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-6)
  • Author : Zhe-wei Zhou
  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 30 August 2013
GET THIS BOOKSixth International Conference on Nonlinear Mechanics (ICNM-6)

Novel mathematical and modeling approaches to problems in graded materials, biological materials, fluid mechanics and more Covers nanomechanics, multi-scale modeling, interface mechanics and microstructure This series volume contains 128 not previously published research presentations on using nonlinear mechanics to understand and model a wide variety of materials, including polymers, metals and composites, as well as subcellular and cellular tissues. Focus is on numerical and physics approaches to representing multiscale relationships within complex solids and fluids systems, with applications in materials science,

Hyperbolic and Kinetic Models for Self-organised Biological Aggregations

Hyperbolic and Kinetic Models for Self-organised Biological Aggregations
  • Author : Raluca Eftimie
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 07 January 2019
GET THIS BOOKHyperbolic and Kinetic Models for Self-organised Biological Aggregations

This book focuses on the spatio-temporal patterns generated by two classes of mathematical models (of hyperbolic and kinetic types) that have been increasingly used in the past several years to describe various biological and ecological communities. Here we combine an overview of various modelling approaches for collective behaviours displayed by individuals/cells/bacteria that interact locally and non-locally, with analytical and numerical mathematical techniques that can be used to investigate the spatio-temporal patterns produced by said individuals/cells/bacteria. Richly