Synchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes, roots, channels and elements at the micron and at a nano-meter scale in 2 and 3D have also been a great enhancement to science. This book provides the most up-to-date information on synchrotron-based research applications in the field of soil, sediment and earth sciences. Invited authors provide chapters on a wide range of research topics including multiphase flow and transport processes (physical aspects), rhizosphere and microbial life (biological aspects), and dynamics of C, N, S, P and heavy metals and metalloids (chemical aspects). In addition, perspectives on the impact of synchrotron based applications, particularly X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and the role of synchrotron applications in remediation, regulatory, and decision making processes are considered. Up-to-date, with the latest research results and techniques in synchrotron-based techniques Information on specific techniques, elements and minerals, regulatory and remediation decision making, contaminants and the impact of X-ray absorption spectroscopy on soil science Internationally recognized leaders in their fields of expertise from Europe, North America, Asia and Australia

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  • Author : Balwant Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 512 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080932842
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKSynchrotron Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Synchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments
  • Author : Balwant Singh,Markus Grafe
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 18 February 2010
GET THIS BOOKSynchrotron-Based Techniques in Soils and Sediments

Over the past 20 years, synchrotron-based research applications have provided important insight into the geochemical cycling of ions and the chemical and crystallographic properties of minerals in soils and sediments. Of particular significance is the understanding of local coordination environments with the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The high flux and brightness of the X-ray beams have allowed researchers to work at environmentally relevant concentrations. The use of focusing mirrors and apertures which allow for mapping and trace particle surfaces, microbes,

Applied Soil Chemistry

Applied Soil Chemistry
  • Author : Mohd Imran Ahamed,Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Tariq A. Altalhi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 23 March 2021
GET THIS BOOKApplied Soil Chemistry

This book explores the state-of-the-art information regarding applied soil sciences. It covers the fundamentals, model concepts, principles, chemical reactions, functions, chemical recycling, chemical weathering, acid-base chemistry, carbon sequestration, and nutrient availability of soils. Also, it includes soil chemistry of heavy-metals, environment, clay, ion-exchange processes, analytical tools and applications. This book helps to understand the about soil characteristics targeting soil chemical reactions and interactions and its applications.

Soil Carbon

Soil Carbon
  • Author : Alfred E. Hartemink,Kevin McSweeney
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 01 April 2014
GET THIS BOOKSoil Carbon

Few topics cut across the soil science discipline wider than research on soil carbon. This book contains 48 chapters that focus on novel and exciting aspects of soil carbon research from all over the world. It includes review papers by global leaders in soil carbon research, and the book ends with a list and discussion of global soil carbon research priorities. Chapters are loosely grouped in four sections: § Soil carbon in space and time § Soil carbon properties and processes § Soil use

Recent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards

Recent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards
  • Author : Amjad Kallel,Zeynal Abiddin Erguler,Zhen-Dong Cui,ALi Karrech,Murat Karakus,Pinnaduwa Kulatilake,Sanjay Kumar Shukla
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 31 December 2018
GET THIS BOOKRecent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards

This edited volume contains the best papers in the geo-engineering field accepted for presentation at the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Tunisia 2018. In addition, it includes 3 keynotes by international experts on the following topics: 1. A new three-dimensional rock mass strength criterion 2. New tools and techniques of remote sensing for geologic hazard assessment 3. Land subsidence induced by the engineering-environmental effects in Shanghai China The book is useful for readers who would like to get a broad coverage

Soil- Water- Root Processes

Soil- Water- Root Processes
  • Author : Stephen H. Anderson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 22 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKSoil- Water- Root Processes

Rapid advances in tomography and imaging techniques and their successful application in soil and plant science are changing our sciences today. Many more articles using imaging and tomography are being published currently compared to 20 years ago. Soil–Water–Root Processes: Advances in Tomography and Imaging is a unique assemblage of contributions exploring applications of imaging and tomography systems in soil science—it provides an updated collection of X-ray computed tomography, synchrotron microtomography, neutron imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, geophysical imaging tools,

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics
  • Author : Sally Logsdon,Markus Berli,Rainer Horn
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 22 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKQuantifying and Modeling Soil Strucure Dynamics

Quantifying and Modeling Soil Structure Dynamics emphasizes a systems approach to how soil structure changes in response to inputs and to the environment. Soil structure is a dynamic, complex system affected by tillage, wheel traffic, roots, soil life, shrink–swell, and freeze–thaw. In turn, soil structure affects root growth and function, soil fauna, solute transport, water infiltration, gas exchange, thermal and electrical conductivities, traffic bearing capacity, and more. Ignoring soil structure or viewing it as “static” can lead to

Permeable Reactive Barrier

Permeable Reactive Barrier
  • Author : Ravi Naidu,Volker Birke
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 08 October 2018
GET THIS BOOKPermeable Reactive Barrier

Remediation of groundwater is complex and often challenging. But the cost of pump and treat technology, coupled with the dismal results achieved, has paved the way for newer, better technologies to be developed. Among these techniques is permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technology, which allows groundwater to pass through a buried porous barrier that either captures the contaminants or breaks them down. And although this approach is gaining popularity, there are few references available on the subject. Until now. Permeable Reactive

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury
  • Author : Guangliang Liu,Yong Cai,Nelson O'Driscoll
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 07 November 2011
GET THIS BOOKEnvironmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury

The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six womenof childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies,which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurologicalimpairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals andecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essentialinformation that anyone interested in environmental sciences shouldknow about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle. Comprised of four

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries
  • Author : Sebastian B. Scholz,Thomas Sembres,Kelli Roberts,Thea Whitman,Kelpie Wilson,Johannes Lehmann
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 23 June 2014
GET THIS BOOKBiochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries

This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems in developing countries. Its aim is to fill in critical knowledge gaps between the biochar research community and development practicioners on the ground.

Pesticides

Pesticides
  • Author : Hamir S. Rathore,Leo M.L. Nollet
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 11 April 2012
GET THIS BOOKPesticides

Pesticides play an important role in controlling pests that carry diseases and threaten crop production. In recent years, however, there has been increased concern about the adverse impacts of pesticides and their degradation products on public health and the environment. A considerable amount of work is being done to develop nonchemical methods of

X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy

X-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy
  • Author : Jeroen A. van Bokhoven,Carlo Lamberti
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 14 January 2016
GET THIS BOOKX-Ray Absorption and X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy

During the last two decades, remarkable and often spectacularprogress has been made in the methodological and instrumentalaspects of x–ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. Thisprogress includes considerable technological improvements in thedesign and production of detectors especially with the developmentand expansion of large-scale synchrotron reactors All this hasresulted in improved analytical performance and new applications,as well as in the perspective of a dramatic enhancement in thepotential of x–ray based analysis techniques for the nearfuture. This comprehensive two-volume treatise features

Nature's Nanostructures

Nature's Nanostructures
  • Author : Amanda S. Barnard,Haibo Guo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 02 February 2012
GET THIS BOOKNature's Nanostructures

Natural nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are all around us, which inevitably leads to these questions: What are these natural nanomaterials made of? Where can we find them? What can they do? Answering these questions will facilitate new and environmentally friendly ways of creating and manipulating nanoscale materials for the next generation of new technologies. A truly multidisciplinary resource, this book brings together studies from astronomy, physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering, geology and geophysics, environmental science, agricultural science, entomology, molecular biology, and

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments

Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Bioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 03 May 2003
GET THIS BOOKBioavailability of Contaminants in Soils and Sediments

Bioavailability refers to the extent to which humans and ecological receptors are exposed to contaminants in soil or sediment. The concept of bioavailability has recently piqued the interest of the hazardous waste industry as an important consideration in deciding how much waste to clean up. The rationale is that if contaminants in soil and sediment are not bioavailable, then more contaminant mass can be left in place without creating additional risk. A new NRC report notes that the potential for

Zn Speciation in a Soil Contaminated by the Deposition of a Dredged Sediment by Synchrotron X-ray Techniques

Zn Speciation in a Soil Contaminated by the Deposition of a Dredged Sediment by Synchrotron X-ray Techniques
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 22 September 2021
GET THIS BOOKZn Speciation in a Soil Contaminated by the Deposition of a Dredged Sediment by Synchrotron X-ray Techniques

The nature and proportion of Zn species present in an agricultural soil overlaid by a dredged contaminated sediment have been untangled by the novel combination of three non-invasive synchrotron-based x-ray techniques: x-ray microfluorescence ([mu]SXRF), microdiffraction ([mu]XRD), and absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS). One primary (franklinite) and two secondary (phyllomanganate and phyllosilicate) Zn-containing minerals were identified in the initial soil, and another primary (ZnS) and a new secondary (Fe-(oxyhydr)oxide) Zn species in the covered soil. The quantitative analysis of