The Changing Alpine Treeline

The alpine treeline ecotone (ATE) is an area of transition high on mountains where closed canopy forests from lower elevations give way to the open alpine tundra and rocky expanses above. Alpine tundra is an island biome and its ecotone with forest is subject to change, and like oceanic islands, alpine tundra is subject to invasion – or the upward advance of treeline. The invasion of tundra by trees will have consequences for the tundra biome as invasion does for other island flora and fauna. To examine the invasibility of tundra we take a plant’s-eye-view, wherein the local conditions become extremely important. Among these local conditions, we find geomorphology to be exceptionally important. We concentrate on aspects of microtopography (and microgeomorphology) and microclimate because these are the factors that matter: from the plant’s-eye-view, but we pay attention to multiple scales. At coarse scales, snow avalanches and debris flows are widespread and create “disturbance treelines whose elevation is well below those controlled by climate. At medium scales, turf-banked terraces create tread-and-riser topography that is a difficult landscape for a tree seedling to survive upon because of exposure to wind, dryness, and impenetrable surfaces. At fine scales, turf exfoliation of the fronts of turf-banked risers, and boulders, offer microsites where tree seedlings may find shelter and are able to gain a foothold in the alpine tundra; conversely, however, surfaces of needle-ice pans and frost heaving associated with miniature patterned ground production are associated with sites inimical to seedling establishment or survival. We explicitly consider how local scale processes propagate across scales into landscape patterns. The objective of this book is to examine the controls on change at alpine treeline. All the papers are focused on work done in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Although any one place is limiting, we are able to examine the alpine treeline here in some detail – and an advantage is that the treeline ecotone in Glacier National Park is quite variable in itself due to the underlying variability in geomorphology at multiple scales. This book will provide insights into an important ecological phenomenon with a distinctly geomorphic perspective. The editors collectively have over 100 years of experience in working in geomorphology, biogeography, and ecology. They also have each worked on research in Glacier National Park for several decades. The book will be a reference for a variety of professionals and students, both graduate and undergraduate, with interests in Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Ecology, and Environmental Science. Because of the importance of the alpine treeline ecotone for recreation and aesthetic interests in mountain environments, wildland and park managers will also use this book. * Subject matter: geomorphology at alpine treeline * Expertise of contributors: each editor brings over 25 years of experience in studies of ecotones and geomorphology, and collectively over 100 years of experience in Glacier National Park * Changing alpine treeline examines climate change

Produk Detail:

  • Author : David R. Butler
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 224 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080957098
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKThe Changing Alpine Treeline

The Changing Alpine Treeline

The Changing Alpine Treeline
  • Author : David R. Butler,George P. Malanson,Stephen J. Walsh,Daniel B. Fagre
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 13 March 2009
GET THIS BOOKThe Changing Alpine Treeline

The alpine treeline ecotone (ATE) is an area of transition high on mountains where closed canopy forests from lower elevations give way to the open alpine tundra and rocky expanses above. Alpine tundra is an island biome and its ecotone with forest is subject to change, and like oceanic islands, alpine tundra is subject to invasion – or the upward advance of treeline. The invasion of tundra by trees will have consequences for the tundra biome as invasion does for other

Alpine Treelines

Alpine Treelines
  • Author : Christian Körner
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 26 May 2012
GET THIS BOOKAlpine Treelines

Alpine treelines mark the low-temperature limit of tree growth and occur in mountains world-wide. Presenting a companion to his book Alpine Plant Life, Christian Körner provides a global synthesis of the treeline phenomenon from sub-arctic to equatorial latitudes and a functional explanation based on the biology of trees. The comprehensive text approaches the subject in a multi-disciplinary way by exploring forest patterns at the edge of tree life, tree morphology, anatomy, climatology and, based on this, modelling treeline position,

Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment

Alpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Gerhard Wieser
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 09 April 2020
GET THIS BOOKAlpine and Polar Treelines in a Changing Environment

Concerns have been raised with respect to the state of high-altitude and high-latitude treelines, as they are anticipated to undergo considerable modifications due to global changes, and especially due to climate warming. As high-elevation treelines are temperature-limited vegetation boundaries, they are considered to be sensitive to climate warming. As a consequence, in this future, warmer environment, an upward migration of treelines is expected because low air and root-zone temperatures constrain their regeneration and growth. Despite the ubiquity of climate warming,

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 26 June 2020
GET THIS BOOKEncyclopedia of the World’s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication.

Trees in a Changing Environment

Trees in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Michael Tausz,Nancy Grulke
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 26 August 2014
GET THIS BOOKTrees in a Changing Environment

This book delivers current state-of-the-science knowledge of tree ecophysiology, with particular emphasis on adaptation to a novel future physical and chemical environment. Unlike the focus of most books on the topic, this considers air chemistry changes (O3, NOx, and N deposition) in addition to elevated CO2 effects and its secondary effects of elevated temperature. The authors have addressed two systems essential for plant life: water handling capacity from the perspective of water transport; the coupling of xylem and phloem water

Responses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes

Responses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes
  • Author : Hans J. De Boeck,Erika Hiltbrunner,Anke Jentsch,Vigdis Vandvik
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 05 June 2019
GET THIS BOOKResponses to Climate Change in the Cold Biomes

Climate change is thought to be especially relevant to ecosystems in the cold biomes. Observed warming has been higher in cold climates through various positive feedbacks, especially declining snow and ice cover, and climate projections indicate further rapid warming in the decades to come. Temperature change can have profound impacts in cold biome ecosystems, either directly in terms of impacts on physiology or growing season length, or indirectly via changes in nutrient cycling. The regions focused on here are the (

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains
  • Author : Velma I. Grover,Axel Borsdorf,Jürgen Breuste,Prakash Chandra Tiwari,Flavia Witkowski Frangetto
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 19 December 2014
GET THIS BOOKImpact of Global Changes on Mountains

Mountain regions encompass nearly 24 percent of the total land surface of the earth and are home to approximately 12 percent of the world’s population. Their ecosystems play a critical role in sustaining human life both in the highlands and the lowlands. During recent years, resource use in high mountain areas has changed mainly in response to the globalization of the economy and increased world population. As a result, mountain regions are undergoing rapid environmental change, exploitation, and depletion of natural

Impacts of Climate Change in European Mountains

Impacts of Climate Change in European Mountains
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 21 January 2022
GET THIS BOOKImpacts of Climate Change in European Mountains

The alpine tundra domain occurs in the high elevation zones of some of Europe's mountain ranges. It is an important reservoir of freshwater and provides habitat to unique species. Almost 20% of the domain falls within Natura 2000 sites. The treeline, which is below the domain, represents the forest limit. Despite the importance of high mountains little is known concerning the potential impacts of climate change in high altitude ecosystems. This study assess 1) changes in the spatial range of the alpine tundra

Mountain Landscapes in Transition

Mountain Landscapes in Transition
  • Author : Udo Schickhoff,R.B. Singh,Suraj Mal
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 02 November 2021
GET THIS BOOKMountain Landscapes in Transition

This book compiles available knowledge of the response of mountain ecosystems to recent climate and land use change and intends to bridge the gap between science, policy and the community concerned. The chapters present key concepts, major drivers and key processes of mountain response, providing transdisciplinary orientation to mountain studies incorporating experiences of academics, community leaders and policy-makers from developed and less developed countries. The book chapters are arranged in two sections. The first section concerns the response processes of

Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology

Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology
  • Author : J.F. Shroder,M.P. Bishop
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 10 October 2003
GET THIS BOOKIntegration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology

The integration of classic field-gathered data with new computer models has allowed many new advances in geomorphology, which the 31st Binghamton Millennium Symposium 2000 presents in this latest of the well-known Binghamton book series, the Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology. Conceptual models have been most commonly inferred from analyses of topography and investigator perspectives derived from fieldwork. The main stumbling blocks to understanding surface processes, their interactions, temporal changes, and resulting landforms are the difficulty of observation,

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment
  • Author : Jon Børre Ørbaek,Roland Kallenborn,Ingunn Tombre,Else N. Hegseth,Stig Falk-Petersen,Alf H. Hoel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 10 January 2007
GET THIS BOOKArctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment

The European Arctic and Alpine regions are experiencing large environmental changes. These changes may have socio-economic effects if the changes affect the bioproduction, which form the basis for the marine and terrestrial food chains. This uniquely multidisciplinary book presents the various aspects of contemporary environmental changes in Arctic and Alpine Regions.

GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology

GIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology
  • Author : Andrew C. Millington,Stephen J. Walsh,Patrick E. Osborne
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 11 March 2013
GET THIS BOOKGIS and Remote Sensing Applications in Biogeography and Ecology

In recent years, the conservation of tropical forests has received worldwide publicity whereas effective forest management, particularly for timber extraction, has attracted little attention and gained some notoriety. The overall aim of the present paper was to examine how environmental micro-variation in the Chiquibul Forest Reserve of Belize can influence species distribution and thereby inform management strategy. The paper deals first with the background to forest management in Belize, then considers the methodology used in the present study and fin~~

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology
  • Author : Brian D. Fath
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 23 August 2018
GET THIS BOOKEncyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus)

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming
  • Author : Jacqueline E. Mohan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 12 April 2019
GET THIS BOOKEcosystem Consequences of Soil Warming

Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry focuses on biotic and biogeochemical responses to warmer soils including plant and microbial evolution. It covers various field settings, such as arctic tundra; alpine meadows; temperate, tropical and subalpine forests; drylands; and grassland ecosystems. Information integrates multiple natural science disciplines, providing a holistic, integrative approach that will help readers understand and forecast future planetwide responses to soil warming. Students and educators will find this book informative for understanding biotic

Biodiversity and Climate Change

Biodiversity and Climate Change
  • Author : Thomas E. Lovejoy,Lee Jay Hannah
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 01 January 2019
GET THIS BOOKBiodiversity and Climate Change

An essential, up-to-date look at the critical interactions between biological diversity and climate change that will serve as an immediate call to action The physical and biological impacts of climate change are dramatic and broad-ranging. People who care about the planet and manage natural resources urgently need a synthesis of our rapidly growing understanding of these issues. In this all-new sequel to the 2005 volume Climate Change and Biodiversity, leading experts in the field summarize observed changes, assess what the future