The Properties of Water and their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems

This book treats the different current as well as unusual and hitherto often unstudied physico-chemical and surface-thermodynamic properties of water that govern all polar interactions occurring in it. These properties include the hyper-hydrophobicity of the water-air interface, the cluster formation of water molecules in the liquid state and the concomitant variability of the ratio of the electron-accepticity to electron-donicity of liquid water as a function of temperature, T. The increase of that ratio with T is the cause of the increase in hydration repulsion (“hydration pressure ) between polar surfaces upon heating, when they are immersed in water. The book also treats the surface properties of apolar and polar molecules, polymers, particles and cells, as well as their mutual interaction energies, when immersed in water, under the influence of the three prevailing non-covalent forces, i.e., Lewis acid-base (AB), Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) and electrical double layer (EL) interactions. The polar AB interactions, be they attractive or repulsive, typically represent up to 90% of the total interaction energies occurring in water. Thus the addition of AB energies to the LW + EL energies of the classical DLVO theory of energy vs. distance analysis makes this powerful tool (the Extended DLVO theory) applicable to the quantitative study of the stability of particle suspensions in water. The influence of AB forces on the interfacial tension between water and other condensed-phase materials is stressed and serves, inter alia, to explain, measure and calculate the driving force of the hydrophobic attraction between such materials (the “hydrophobic effect ), when immersed in water. These phenomena, which are typical for liquid water, influence all polar interactions that take place in it. All of these are treated from the viewpoint of the properties of liquid water itself, including the properties of advancing freezing fronts and the surface properties of ice at 0o C. - Explains and allows the quantitative measurement of hydrophobic attraction and hydrophilic repulsion in water - Measures the degree of cluster formation of water molecules - Discusses the influence of temperature on the cluster size of water molecules - Treats the multitudinous effects of the hyper-hydrophobicity of the water-air interface

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Carel Jan van Oss
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 236 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080921570
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKThe Properties of Water and their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems

The Properties of Water and their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems

The Properties of Water and their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems
  • Author : Carel Jan van Oss
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 16 September 2008
GET THIS BOOKThe Properties of Water and their Role in Colloidal and Biological Systems

This book treats the different current as well as unusual and hitherto often unstudied physico-chemical and surface-thermodynamic properties of water that govern all polar interactions occurring in it. These properties include the hyper-hydrophobicity of the water-air interface, the cluster formation of water molecules in the liquid state and the concomitant variability of the ratio of the electron-accepticity to electron-donicity of liquid water as a function of temperature, T. The increase of that ratio with T is the cause of the

Water Properties in Food, Health, Pharmaceutical and Biological Systems

Water Properties in Food, Health, Pharmaceutical and Biological Systems
  • Author : David S. Reid,Tanaboon Sajjaanantakul,Peter J. Lillford,Sanguansri Charoenrein
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 06 July 2010
GET THIS BOOKWater Properties in Food, Health, Pharmaceutical and Biological Systems

This title focuses on the comprehension of the properties of water in foods, enriched by the approaches from polymer and materials sciences, and by the advances of analytical techniques. The International Symposium on the Properties of Water (ISOPOW) promotes the exchange of knowledge between scientists involved in the study of food materials and scientists interested in water from a more basic point of view and the dialogue between academic and industrial scientists/technologists. This comprehensive book covers the topics presented

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine

Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine
  • Author : Costica Caizer,Mahendra Rai
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 08 September 2021
GET THIS BOOKMagnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine

Explores the application of magnetic nanoparticles in drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, and alternative cancer therapy Magnetic Nanoparticles in Human Health and Medicine addresses recent progress in improving diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and using non-invasive and non-toxic magnetic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery. Focusing on cancer diagnosis and therapy, the book covers both fundamental principles and advanced theoretical and experimental research on the magnetic properties, biocompatibilization, biofunctionalization, and application of magnetic nanoparticles in nanobiotechnology and nanomedicine. Chapters written

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles
  • Author : Eric Lee
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 November 2018
GET THIS BOOKTheory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles discusses the electrophoretic and diffusiophoretic motions of various colloidal entities, such as rigid particles, liquid droplets, gas bubbles, and porous particles, focusing on the motion-deterring double-layer polarization effect pertinent to highly charged particles, with the lowly charged ones serving as the limiting cases. Boundary effects such as those from a cylindrical pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface are analyzed as well for the electrophoretic motion of the various

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology
  • Author : Willem Norde
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 06 June 2011
GET THIS BOOKColloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology

Colloidal systems occur everywhere-in soils, seawater, foodstuff, pharmaceuticals, paints, blood, biological cells, and microorganisms. Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences and Bionanotechnology, Second Edition, gives a concise treatment of physicochemical principles determining interrelated colloidal and interfacial phenomena. New in the

Self-Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles

Self-Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles
  • Author : Shafigh Mehraeen
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 04 November 2020
GET THIS BOOKSelf-Assembly of Nanostructures and Patchy Nanoparticles

Top-down approaches are currently the main contributor of fabricating microelectronic devices. However, the prohibitive cost of numerous technological steps in these approaches is the main obstacle to further progress. Furthermore, a large number of applications necessitate fabrication of complex and ultra-small devices that cannot be made using these approaches. New approaches based on natural self-assembly of matter need to be developed to allow for fabrication of micro and nanoelectronic devices. Self-assembly of nanostructures is a dynamic field, which explores physics

Surface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis
  • Author : Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 28 March 2020
GET THIS BOOKSurface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field. Provides timely reviews on

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications
  • Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 19 March 2021
GET THIS BOOKAdsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications
  • Author : Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 26 March 2021
GET THIS BOOKPhotocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production. Provides background on the fundamental and experimental

Charge and Energy Storage in Electrical Double Layers

Charge and Energy Storage in Electrical Double Layers
  • Author : Silvia Ahualli,Angel V. Delgado
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 28 November 2018
GET THIS BOOKCharge and Energy Storage in Electrical Double Layers

Charge and Energy Storage in Electrical Double Layers presents the basic scientific concepts and implementation of procedures devised to obtain capacitive energy from changes in the potential of electrical double layers when the salinity of solutions is changed. Capacitive deionization— the closely connected reciprocal process—is also considered. The book covers the fundamentals of electrical double layers and ions transport in porous media, the description of promising techniques of energy extraction, and the practical problems involved in each. It is

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations

Essentials in Modern HPLC Separations
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 21 September 2012
GET THIS BOOKEssentials in Modern HPLC Separations

This book discusses in a systematic manner the role of separation in HPLC, the types and characteristics of stationary phases and of mobile phases used in this technique, as well as other factors influencing the separation. The selection process of stationary and mobile phase for a specific separation is described as related to the physico-chemical characteristics of the molecules to be separated and of their matrix. All these subjects are discussed from the point of view of the new developments

Progress in Colloid and Surface Science Research

Progress in Colloid and Surface Science Research
  • Author : Emelio A. Scarpetti
  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 25 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKProgress in Colloid and Surface Science Research

This book presents leading-edge research on colloids and surface science and spans a wide range of topics including biological interactions at surfaces, molecular assembly of selective surfaces, role of surface chemistry in microelectronics and catalysis, tribology, and colloidal physics in the context of crystallisation and suspensions; fluid interfaces; adsorption; surface aspects of catalysis; dispersion preparation, characterisation and stability; aerosols, foams and emulsions; surfaces forces; micelles and microemulsions; light scattering and spectroscopy; nanoparticles; new material science; detergency and wetting; thin films,

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences

Colloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences
  • Author : Willem Norde
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 20 June 2003
GET THIS BOOKColloids and Interfaces in Life Sciences

Exploring aqueous dispersions and solutions, biopolymer gels, self-assembled amphiphillic structures, and interfacial layers of biopolymers and biological cells, this classroom reference presents a concise introductory treatment of the physicochemical principles that determine interrelated colloidal and interfacial phenomena. Whether deciphering the spontaneous assembly of amphiphilic molecules or the intentional fouling of surfaces for the immobilization of cells in bioreactors, the book devotes special attention to reversible and soft colloids, and discusses the colloidal domain in a historical perspective, the size and

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology
  • Author : Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh,Mohammad S. Sajadi,Monireh Atarod,Mohaddeseh Sajjadi,Zahra Isaabadi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 01 March 2019
GET THIS BOOKAn Introduction to Green Nanotechnology

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology, Volume 28, provides students, scientists and chemical engineers with an overview of several types of nanostructures, discusses the synthesis and characterization of nanostructures, and provides applications of nanotechnology in daily life. The book offers a foundation to green nanotechnology by explaining why green nanotechnology is important. Covers biological sources in green nanotechnology, antioxidants, green nanostructures, mechanism, synthesis and characterization. The book ends with an evaluation of the risks of nanotechnology in human life and future perspectives.

Microstructure of Fine-Grained Sediments

Microstructure of Fine-Grained Sediments
  • Author : R. H. Bennett,Richard H. Bennett,William R. Bryant,W.A. Chiou,R.W. Faas,Matthew H. Hulbert,J. Kasprowicz,A. H. Bouma,H. Li,T. Lomenick,N.R. O`Brien,S. Pamukcu,C.E. Weaver,T. Yamamoto
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 25 October 1991
GET THIS BOOKMicrostructure of Fine-Grained Sediments

Knowledge of basic clay microstructure is fundamental to an understanding of the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of fine-grained sediments and rocks. This compilation of fifty-nine peer-reviewed papers examines clay microstructure in detail with comprehensive sections focusing on microstructure signatures, environmental processes, modeling, measurement techniques, and future research recommendations. Many of these topics are discussed in light of geological and engineering applications, such as hazardous waste disposal, construction techniques, and drilling programs. The field of clay microstructure is developing rapidly.