Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

The fundamental concept of the book is to explain how to make thin film solar cells from the abundant solar energy materials by low cost. The proper and optimized growth conditions are very essential while sandwiching thin films to make solar cell otherwise secondary phases play a role to undermine the working function of solar cells. The book illustrates growth and characterization of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film absorbers and their solar cells. The fabrication process of absorber layers by either vacuum or non-vacuum process is readily elaborated in the book, which helps for further development of cells. The characterization analyses such as XPS, XRD, SEM, AFM etc., lead to tailor the physical properties of the absorber layers to fit well for the solar cells. The role of secondary phases such as ZnS, Cu2-xS,SnS etc., which are determined by XPS, XRD or Raman, in the absorber layers is promptly discussed. The optical spectroscopy analysis, which finds band gap, optical constants of the films, is mentioned in the book. The electrical properties of the absorbers deal the influence of substrates, growth temperature, impurities, secondary phases etc. The low temperature I-V and C-V measurements of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film solar cells are clearly described. The solar cell parameters such as efficiency, fill factor, series resistance, parallel resistance provide handful information to understand the mechanism of physics of thin film solar cells in the book. The band structure, which supports to adjust interface states at the p-n junction of the solar cells is given. On the other hand the role of window layers with the solar cells is discussed. The simulation of theoretical efficiency of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film solar cells explains how much efficiency can be experimentally extracted from the cells. One of the first books exploring how to conduct research on thin film solar cells, including reducing costs Detailed instructions on conducting research

Produk Detail:

  • Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 190 pages
  • ISBN : 0123971829
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
CLICK HERE TO GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

Thin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials
  • Author : Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 14 November 2013
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells From Earth Abundant Materials

The fundamental concept of the book is to explain how to make thin film solar cells from the abundant solar energy materials by low cost. The proper and optimized growth conditions are very essential while sandwiching thin films to make solar cell otherwise secondary phases play a role to undermine the working function of solar cells. The book illustrates growth and characterization of Cu2ZnSn(S1-xSex)4 thin film absorbers and their solar cells. The fabrication process of absorber layers

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells
  • Author : Kentaro Ito
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 23 February 2015
GET THIS BOOKCopper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground–mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth–abundant, low–cost and non–toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(

Thin Film Solar Cells with Earth Abundant Elements

Thin Film Solar Cells with Earth Abundant Elements
  • Author : Yue Yu
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 28 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Solar Cells with Earth Abundant Elements

The world energy consumption has increased rigorously in recent years due to the rapid economic development and the massive global population expansion. Today the world energy supply relies heavily on fossil fuels, known as non-renewable energy resources, which have limited reserves on Earth and do not form or replenish in a short period of time. Burning fossil fuels not only brings environmental pollutions but also results in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, which are to blame for global warming.

Thin Film Structures in Energy Applications

Thin Film Structures in Energy Applications
  • Author : Suresh Babu Krishna Moorthy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 10 March 2015
GET THIS BOOKThin Film Structures in Energy Applications

This book provides a comprehensive overview of thin film structures in energy applications. Each chapter contains both fundamentals principles for each thin film structure as well as the relevant energy application technologies. The authors cover thin films for a variety of energy sectors including inorganic and organic solar cells, DSSCs, solid oxide fuel cells, thermoelectrics, phosphors and cutting tools.

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics
  • Author : Arthur J. Nozik,Gavin Conibeer,Matthew C Beard
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 10 July 2014
GET THIS BOOKAdvanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Photovoltaic systems enable the sun’s energy to be converted directly into electricity using semiconductor solar cells. The ultimate goal of photovoltaic research and development is to reduce the cost of solar power to reach or even become lower than the cost of electricity generated from fossil and nuclear fuels. The power conversion efficiency and the cost per unit area of the phototvoltaic system are critical factors that determine the cost of photovoltaic electricity. Until recently, the power conversion efficiency

Solar Energy Capture Materials

Solar Energy Capture Materials
  • Author : Elizabeth A Gibson
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 19 August 2019
GET THIS BOOKSolar Energy Capture Materials

Energy is an important area of contemporary research, with clear societal benefits. It is a fast-developing and application-driven research area, with chemistry leading the discovery of new solids, which are then studied by physicists and materials scientists. Solar Energy Capture Materials introduces a range of the different inorganic materials used, with an emphasis on how solid-state chemistry allows development of new functional solids for energy applications. Dedicated chapters cover silicon-based photovoltaic devices, compound semiconductor-based solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC),

Computational Materials System Design

Computational Materials System Design
  • Author : Dongwon Shin,James Saal
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 10 November 2017
GET THIS BOOKComputational Materials System Design

This book provides state-of-the-art computational approaches for accelerating materials discovery, synthesis, and processing using thermodynamics and kinetics. The authors deliver an overview of current practical computational tools for materials design in the field. They describe ways to integrate thermodynamics and kinetics and how the two can supplement each other.

Optical and Molecular Physics

Optical and Molecular Physics
  • Author : Miguel A. Esteso,Ana Cristina Faria Ribeiro,Soney C. George,Ann Rose Abraham,A. K. Haghi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 30 September 2021
GET THIS BOOKOptical and Molecular Physics

Optical and Molecular Physics: Theoretical Principles and Experimental Methods addresses many important applications and advances in the field. This book is divided into 5 sections: Plasmonics and carbon dots physics with applications Optical films, fibers, and materials Optical properties of advanced materials Molecular physics and diffusion Macromolecular physics Weaving together science and engineering, this new volume addresses important applications and advances in optical and molecular physics. It covers plasmonics and carbon dots physics with applications; optical films, fibers, and materials; optical

Optoelectronic Modeling and Optimization of Graded-bandgap Thin-film Solar Cells

Optoelectronic Modeling and Optimization of Graded-bandgap Thin-film Solar Cells
  • Author : Faiz Ahmad
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 28 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKOptoelectronic Modeling and Optimization of Graded-bandgap Thin-film Solar Cells

Crystalline-silicon (c-Si) photovoltaic solar cells are increasingly taking over the energy production sector nowadays. Even in comparison to coal-fired and nuclear plants for generation of electricity, the cost of harnessing solar energy by photovoltaic means has gone down considerably during the last decade. However, microwatt-scale generators of electricity are needed for human progress to become effectively unconstrained by economics. Large-scale adoption of thin-film solar cells is necessary for that to happen. However, Earth-abundant materials with low toxicity and high power-conversion

Reliability and Ecological Aspects of Photovoltaic Modules

Reliability and Ecological Aspects of Photovoltaic Modules
  • Author : Abdulkerim Gok
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 08 January 2020
GET THIS BOOKReliability and Ecological Aspects of Photovoltaic Modules

Photovoltaic (PV) solar energy is expected to be the world's largest source of electricity in the future. To enhance the long-term reliability of PV modules, a thorough understanding of failure mechanisms is of vital importance. In addition, it is important to address the potential downsides to this technology. These include the hazardous chemicals needed for manufacturing solar cells, especially for thin-film technologies, and the large number of PV modules disposed of at the end of their lifecycles. This book discusses

A Career-Focused Introduction to Nanoscale Materials Technology

A Career-Focused Introduction to Nanoscale Materials Technology
  • Author : Tania M. Cabrera
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Release : 05 February 2016
GET THIS BOOKA Career-Focused Introduction to Nanoscale Materials Technology

Materials science is generally defined as the science describing the relationship between the structure and properties of materials. While some books focus on nanoscale materials technology, they are either too simple to be useful or too hard to understand. This book bridges that gap—providing insights that you can understand and use to break into the field. Whether you’re a professor at a community or technical college looking for an appropriate textbook to teach students in a nanotechnology career

Fabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics

Fabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics
  • Author : Mahmoud Abdelfatah
  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release : 08 July 2016
GET THIS BOOKFabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics

The low cost and low temperature electrochemical deposition technique was employed to grow Cu2O thin films and ZnO:Al thin films were deposited by d.c. magnetron sputtering in order to fabricate solar cells. The potentiostatic and galvanostatic electrodeposition modes were used to deposit the Cu2O thin films. Raman spectra of thin films have shown characteristic frequencies of crystalline Cu2O. The contact between Cu2O and Au is found to be an Ohmic contact. The devices grown

Development of Earth-abundant Materials and Low-cost Processes for Solar Cells

Development of Earth-abundant Materials and Low-cost Processes for Solar Cells
  • Author : Chih-Liang Wang
  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 28 October 2021
GET THIS BOOKDevelopment of Earth-abundant Materials and Low-cost Processes for Solar Cells

The goal of renewable solar energy research is to develop low-cost, high-efficiency photovoltaic technologies. However, with the growing deployment of solar cells, approaching the terawatt scale, absorber materials reliant upon rare or unfriendly elements become a crucial issue. Thus, the primary objective of this dissertation is the development of a low-cost fabrication method for (i) thin-film solar cells and (ii) dye-sensitized solar cells using earth-abundant materials. In thin-film solar cells, the kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 with earth abundant elements is used

Nanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells
  • Author : Narottam Das
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 22 February 2017
GET THIS BOOKNanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured solar cells are very important in renewable energy sector as well as in environmental aspects, because it is environment friendly. The nano-grating structures (such as triangular or conical shaped) have a gradual change in refractive index which acts as a multilayer antireflective coating that is leading to reduced light reflection losses over broadband ranges of wavelength and angle of incidence. There are different types of losses in solar cells that always reduce the conversion efficiency, but the light reflection